Previously, we reported on the presence of antibodies to linear epitopes of human and mycobacterial 60 kD heat shock proteins (HSP) in the sera of healthy blood donors. Since many recent findings indicate that the levels of these antibodies may be altered in coronary heart disease (CHD) and also inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), it seemed worthwhile to compare the epitope specificity of the anti-HSP60 and anti-HSP65 antibodies in the sera of patients with these diseases to those in healthy subjects. The multipin enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay method was applied with a large overlapping set of synthetic 10-mer peptides covering selected regions of human HSP60 and Mycobacterium bovis HSP65. Sera of 12 healthy persons (HP), 14 CHD, and 14 IBD patients with the same concentration of total anti-HSP60 and HSP65 IgG antibodies were tested. We have identified CHDspecific epitopes in the equatorial domain of the HSP60 protein but in neither region of the HSP65 molecule, indicating that the formation of anti-HSP60 antibodies is not or only partially due to the cross-reaction between human HSP60 and bacterial HSP65. IBD-specific epitopes were found in many regions of the HSP60 and in even more regions of the HSP65 molecule including an IBD-specific T cell epitope in region X as well. These findings indicate that the epitope specificity of the anti-human and antimycobacterial HSP60 antibodies associated with various diseases is different.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology