Cluster spin-glass model for amorphous Fe-Zr alloys near the critical concentration: a magnetization study

L. Kiss, T. Kemény, I. Vincze, L. Gránásy

Research output: Article

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Abstract

The magnetic properties of melt-quenched amorphous Fe100-xZrx (x = 7-12) alloys were studied in the temperature and magnetic field ranges 15 K <T <300 K and 0 ext <1.8 T, respectively. Assuming that Fe93Zr7 is an assembly of magnetic clusters with a blocking temperature distribution, the magnetization versus magnetic field curves were fitted using Néel's theory for fine particles at several temperatures in order to obtain the evolution of cluster parameters with temperature. The same model is used for Fe92Zr8 and Fe88Zr12 above the Curie temperature (TC). When Néels theory is modified to account for the interaction between the cluster moments, the experimental data are properly described by this frame. This model can explain both the low-temperature anomalies of susceptibility observed for x = 7-10 and the high-temperature superparamagnetic behaviour which is shown to be a characteristic feature of the whole a-Fe100-xZrx alloy series. The evolution of magnetic cluster behaviour with temperature and concentration is discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)161-170
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials
Volume135
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1994

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Spin glass
spin glass
Magnetization
magnetization
temperature distribution
Temperature distribution
Temperature
Magnetic fields
magnetic fields
temperature
Curie temperature
assembly
anomalies
magnetic properties
Magnetic properties
moments
magnetic permeability
curves
interactions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

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title = "Cluster spin-glass model for amorphous Fe-Zr alloys near the critical concentration: a magnetization study",
abstract = "The magnetic properties of melt-quenched amorphous Fe100-xZrx (x = 7-12) alloys were studied in the temperature and magnetic field ranges 15 K <T <300 K and 0 ext <1.8 T, respectively. Assuming that Fe93Zr7 is an assembly of magnetic clusters with a blocking temperature distribution, the magnetization versus magnetic field curves were fitted using N{\'e}el's theory for fine particles at several temperatures in order to obtain the evolution of cluster parameters with temperature. The same model is used for Fe92Zr8 and Fe88Zr12 above the Curie temperature (TC). When N{\'e}els theory is modified to account for the interaction between the cluster moments, the experimental data are properly described by this frame. This model can explain both the low-temperature anomalies of susceptibility observed for x = 7-10 and the high-temperature superparamagnetic behaviour which is shown to be a characteristic feature of the whole a-Fe100-xZrx alloy series. The evolution of magnetic cluster behaviour with temperature and concentration is discussed.",
author = "L. Kiss and T. Kem{\'e}ny and I. Vincze and L. Gr{\'a}n{\'a}sy",
year = "1994",
doi = "10.1016/0304-8853(94)90342-5",
language = "English",
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pages = "161--170",
journal = "Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials",
issn = "0304-8853",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Cluster spin-glass model for amorphous Fe-Zr alloys near the critical concentration

T2 - a magnetization study

AU - Kiss, L.

AU - Kemény, T.

AU - Vincze, I.

AU - Gránásy, L.

PY - 1994

Y1 - 1994

N2 - The magnetic properties of melt-quenched amorphous Fe100-xZrx (x = 7-12) alloys were studied in the temperature and magnetic field ranges 15 K <T <300 K and 0 ext <1.8 T, respectively. Assuming that Fe93Zr7 is an assembly of magnetic clusters with a blocking temperature distribution, the magnetization versus magnetic field curves were fitted using Néel's theory for fine particles at several temperatures in order to obtain the evolution of cluster parameters with temperature. The same model is used for Fe92Zr8 and Fe88Zr12 above the Curie temperature (TC). When Néels theory is modified to account for the interaction between the cluster moments, the experimental data are properly described by this frame. This model can explain both the low-temperature anomalies of susceptibility observed for x = 7-10 and the high-temperature superparamagnetic behaviour which is shown to be a characteristic feature of the whole a-Fe100-xZrx alloy series. The evolution of magnetic cluster behaviour with temperature and concentration is discussed.

AB - The magnetic properties of melt-quenched amorphous Fe100-xZrx (x = 7-12) alloys were studied in the temperature and magnetic field ranges 15 K <T <300 K and 0 ext <1.8 T, respectively. Assuming that Fe93Zr7 is an assembly of magnetic clusters with a blocking temperature distribution, the magnetization versus magnetic field curves were fitted using Néel's theory for fine particles at several temperatures in order to obtain the evolution of cluster parameters with temperature. The same model is used for Fe92Zr8 and Fe88Zr12 above the Curie temperature (TC). When Néels theory is modified to account for the interaction between the cluster moments, the experimental data are properly described by this frame. This model can explain both the low-temperature anomalies of susceptibility observed for x = 7-10 and the high-temperature superparamagnetic behaviour which is shown to be a characteristic feature of the whole a-Fe100-xZrx alloy series. The evolution of magnetic cluster behaviour with temperature and concentration is discussed.

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