The full length cDNA of the dromedary neonatal Fc receptor (drFcRn) α chain was isolated and found that it is similar to the neonatal Fc receptor (FcRn) of other species with a high overall similarity to ruminant FcRn α chains. The drFcRn/Fc contact residues are highly conserved and predicted to bind both conventional (IgG1) and heavy chain (IgG2a, IgG3) antibodies. Using immunohistochemistry, we detected its expression in the hepatocytes and in epithelial cells of portal bile ductuli and also in the mammary gland acini and ducti. Remarkably, Ser313, that was identified to be crucial for apical to basolateral transcytosis, is substituted in the drFcRn α chain. The full length of the dog and orangutan FcRn α chains was also identified from databases. Analyzing the phylogenetic relatedness of this gene we found that dromedary clustered together with artiodactyls, dog is located between artiodactyls and primates, where the orangutan was branched, reflecting the accepted evolutionary relationships.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Developmental Biology