The majority of B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphomas (NHL) exhibit a highly specific immunoglobulin heavy chain (IgH) gene rearrangement as a result of sequential assembly of their Ig variable (VH), diversity (D) and joining (JH) region segments. The analyses of Ig gene rearrangements in B cells may help to differentiate reactive lymphoproliferations from NHLs, and to identify of their B-cell origin. The aim of this study was to reveal the usefulness of polymerase chain reaction analysis of the Ig gene rearrangement in the diagnosis of B-cell NHLs, using native and formol-paraffin embedded samples. The authors analysed 67 biopsy samples of immunohistochemically characterized lymph nodes diagnosed at the Department of Pathology. University Medical School of Pécs, between 1993 and 1995, using IgH gene polymerase chain reaction. The 67 samples included 10 reactive lymphoproliferations, 47 B-cell, 5 T-cell NHLs and 5 Hodgkin's diseases. In 54 cases, fresh, unfixed, in 13 cases, formalin-fixed samples have been used. The polymerase chain reaction amplification of the Ig heavy chain third complementary determining region (CDR 3) was performed by IgVH specific sense and JH specific antisense primer pairs. The polymerase chain reaction products were evaluated by agarose gel electrophoresis containing ethidium bromide. Sixty-four % of fresh, unfixed and 54% of formol-paraffin fixed B-cell NHLs samples showed clonal Ig gene rearrangement. The applied polymerase chain reaction technique did not show clonal amplification in reactive lymphoproliferations, T-cell NHLs or Hodgkin's disease. The polymerase chain reaction amplification of the IgH gene can be a powerful tool in the diagnosis of monoclonal B-cell lymphoproliferative disorders.
|Number of pages||5|
|Publication status||Published - szept. 8 1996|
ASJC Scopus subject areas