The authors describe the method of the physical neurological examination of the horse. This paper presents the procedures and the order of examinations used in the international specialized literature, combined with the traditions of the Marek-Mócsy school. The purpose is to give help to the clinicians to make a correct diagnosis by elaborating a protocol which is useful in the localization of the abnormality, in the prediction of the prognosis and In the identification of additional and laboratory examinations required for the final diagnosis. The examination progresses from the head to the tail: 1. Head: behavior, mental status, head tilt and coordination, function of the cerebral nerves. 2. Gait and movement of the body. 3. Neck and forelimbs. 4. Trunk and hind limbs. 5. Tail and anus. This order is similar to the following anatomical sequence: 1. cerebrum, 2. brain stem, 3. cerebellum, 4. spine, 5. peripheral nerves (and muscles). Examination of lying horses. The lying position complicates the neurological examination of horses. Lying precludes the possibility of some methods, but there are some spinal reflexes which, in contrast with the standing horse, can be examined. In this type of cases the localization of the abnormality is more important than usual, because the choice between treatment and euthanasia requires the exact anatomical determination of the problem.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Magyar Allatorvosok Lapja|
|Publication status||Published - dec. 1 2000|
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