The deleterious effect of hyperglycemia on the biology of the liver is supported by clinical evidence. It can promote the development of fatty liver, liver fibrosis, even liver cancer as complication of diabetes mellitus. As liver fibrosis is the consequence of hepatic stellate cell (HSC) activation, the questions were addressed whether alterations induced by high glucose concentration are directly related to TGFB1 effect, or other mechanisms are activated. In order to obtain information on the response of HSC for high glucose, LX-2 cells (an immortalized human HSC cell lineage) were cultured in 15.3 mM glucose containing medium for 21 days. The effect of glucose was compared to that of TGFB1. Our data revealed that chronic exposure of high glucose concentration initiated profound alteration of LX-2 cells and the effect is different from those observed upon interaction with TGFB1. Whereas TGFB1 induced the production of extracellular matrix proteins, high glucose exposure resulted in decreased MMP2 activity, retardation of type I collagen in the endoplasmic reticulum, with decreased pS6 expression, pointing to development of endoplasmic stress and sequestration of p21CIP1/WAF1 in the cytoplasm which can promote the proliferation of LX2 cells.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine
- Cancer Research