Chondroitin-Sulfate-A-Coated Magnetite Nanoparticles: Synthesis, Characterization and Testing to Predict Their Colloidal Behavior in Biological Milieu

Ildikó Y. Tóth, E. Illés, M. Szekeres, I. Zupkó, Rodica Turcu, E. Tombácz

Research output: Article

Abstract

Biopolymer coated magnetite nanoparticles (MNPs) are suitable to fabricate biocompatible magnetic fluid (MF). Their comprehensive characterization, however, is a necessary step to assess whether bioapplications are feasible before expensive in vitro and in vivo tests. The MNPs were prepared by co-precipitation, and after careful purification, they were coated by chondroitin-sulfate-A (CSA). CSA exhibits high affinity adsorption to MNPs (H-type isotherm). We could only make stable MF of CSA coated MNPs (CSA@MNPs) under accurate conditions. The CSA@MNP was characterized by TEM (size ~10 nm) and VSM (saturation magnetization ~57 emu/g). Inner-sphere metal-carboxylate complex formation between CSA and MNP was proved by FTIR-ATR and XPS. Electrophoresis and DLS measurements show that the CSA@MNPs at CSA-loading > 0.2 mmol/g were stable at pH > 4. The salt tolerance of the product improved up to ~0.5 M NaCl at pH~6.3. Under favorable redox conditions, no iron leaching from the magnetic core was detected by ICP measurements. Thus, the characterization predicts both chemical and colloidal stability of CSA@MNPs in biological milieu regarding its pH and salt concentration. MTT assays showed no significant impact of CSA@MNP on the proliferation of A431 cells. According to these facts, the CSA@MNPs have a great potential in biocompatible MF preparation for medical applications.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational journal of molecular sciences
Volume20
Issue number17
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - aug. 22 2019

Fingerprint

Magnetite Nanoparticles
Magnetite nanoparticles
Chondroitin Sulfates
magnetite
sulfates
nanoparticles
Testing
synthesis
Magnetic fluids
fluids
Dromaiidae
Salts
Sulfates
salts
Salt-Tolerance
Magnetic cores
magnetic cores
Biopolymers
biopolymers
Coordination Complexes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Molecular Biology
  • Spectroscopy
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

Cite this

@article{11330bf32df845ec9382593cddf5042b,
title = "Chondroitin-Sulfate-A-Coated Magnetite Nanoparticles: Synthesis, Characterization and Testing to Predict Their Colloidal Behavior in Biological Milieu",
abstract = "Biopolymer coated magnetite nanoparticles (MNPs) are suitable to fabricate biocompatible magnetic fluid (MF). Their comprehensive characterization, however, is a necessary step to assess whether bioapplications are feasible before expensive in vitro and in vivo tests. The MNPs were prepared by co-precipitation, and after careful purification, they were coated by chondroitin-sulfate-A (CSA). CSA exhibits high affinity adsorption to MNPs (H-type isotherm). We could only make stable MF of CSA coated MNPs (CSA@MNPs) under accurate conditions. The CSA@MNP was characterized by TEM (size ~10 nm) and VSM (saturation magnetization ~57 emu/g). Inner-sphere metal-carboxylate complex formation between CSA and MNP was proved by FTIR-ATR and XPS. Electrophoresis and DLS measurements show that the CSA@MNPs at CSA-loading > 0.2 mmol/g were stable at pH > 4. The salt tolerance of the product improved up to ~0.5 M NaCl at pH~6.3. Under favorable redox conditions, no iron leaching from the magnetic core was detected by ICP measurements. Thus, the characterization predicts both chemical and colloidal stability of CSA@MNPs in biological milieu regarding its pH and salt concentration. MTT assays showed no significant impact of CSA@MNP on the proliferation of A431 cells. According to these facts, the CSA@MNPs have a great potential in biocompatible MF preparation for medical applications.",
keywords = "adsorption, chemical stability, chondroitin-sulfate, coagulation kinetics, colloidal stability, core-shell nanoparticles, magnetite, MTT assays, surface complexation, surface spectroscopy",
author = "T{\'o}th, {Ildik{\'o} Y.} and E. Ill{\'e}s and M. Szekeres and I. Zupk{\'o} and Rodica Turcu and E. Tomb{\'a}cz",
year = "2019",
month = "8",
day = "22",
doi = "10.3390/ijms20174096",
language = "English",
volume = "20",
journal = "International Journal of Molecular Sciences",
issn = "1661-6596",
publisher = "Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)",
number = "17",

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Chondroitin-Sulfate-A-Coated Magnetite Nanoparticles

T2 - Synthesis, Characterization and Testing to Predict Their Colloidal Behavior in Biological Milieu

AU - Tóth, Ildikó Y.

AU - Illés, E.

AU - Szekeres, M.

AU - Zupkó, I.

AU - Turcu, Rodica

AU - Tombácz, E.

PY - 2019/8/22

Y1 - 2019/8/22

N2 - Biopolymer coated magnetite nanoparticles (MNPs) are suitable to fabricate biocompatible magnetic fluid (MF). Their comprehensive characterization, however, is a necessary step to assess whether bioapplications are feasible before expensive in vitro and in vivo tests. The MNPs were prepared by co-precipitation, and after careful purification, they were coated by chondroitin-sulfate-A (CSA). CSA exhibits high affinity adsorption to MNPs (H-type isotherm). We could only make stable MF of CSA coated MNPs (CSA@MNPs) under accurate conditions. The CSA@MNP was characterized by TEM (size ~10 nm) and VSM (saturation magnetization ~57 emu/g). Inner-sphere metal-carboxylate complex formation between CSA and MNP was proved by FTIR-ATR and XPS. Electrophoresis and DLS measurements show that the CSA@MNPs at CSA-loading > 0.2 mmol/g were stable at pH > 4. The salt tolerance of the product improved up to ~0.5 M NaCl at pH~6.3. Under favorable redox conditions, no iron leaching from the magnetic core was detected by ICP measurements. Thus, the characterization predicts both chemical and colloidal stability of CSA@MNPs in biological milieu regarding its pH and salt concentration. MTT assays showed no significant impact of CSA@MNP on the proliferation of A431 cells. According to these facts, the CSA@MNPs have a great potential in biocompatible MF preparation for medical applications.

AB - Biopolymer coated magnetite nanoparticles (MNPs) are suitable to fabricate biocompatible magnetic fluid (MF). Their comprehensive characterization, however, is a necessary step to assess whether bioapplications are feasible before expensive in vitro and in vivo tests. The MNPs were prepared by co-precipitation, and after careful purification, they were coated by chondroitin-sulfate-A (CSA). CSA exhibits high affinity adsorption to MNPs (H-type isotherm). We could only make stable MF of CSA coated MNPs (CSA@MNPs) under accurate conditions. The CSA@MNP was characterized by TEM (size ~10 nm) and VSM (saturation magnetization ~57 emu/g). Inner-sphere metal-carboxylate complex formation between CSA and MNP was proved by FTIR-ATR and XPS. Electrophoresis and DLS measurements show that the CSA@MNPs at CSA-loading > 0.2 mmol/g were stable at pH > 4. The salt tolerance of the product improved up to ~0.5 M NaCl at pH~6.3. Under favorable redox conditions, no iron leaching from the magnetic core was detected by ICP measurements. Thus, the characterization predicts both chemical and colloidal stability of CSA@MNPs in biological milieu regarding its pH and salt concentration. MTT assays showed no significant impact of CSA@MNP on the proliferation of A431 cells. According to these facts, the CSA@MNPs have a great potential in biocompatible MF preparation for medical applications.

KW - adsorption

KW - chemical stability

KW - chondroitin-sulfate

KW - coagulation kinetics

KW - colloidal stability

KW - core-shell nanoparticles

KW - magnetite

KW - MTT assays

KW - surface complexation

KW - surface spectroscopy

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U2 - 10.3390/ijms20174096

DO - 10.3390/ijms20174096

M3 - Article

C2 - 31443385

AN - SCOPUS:85071456216

VL - 20

JO - International Journal of Molecular Sciences

JF - International Journal of Molecular Sciences

SN - 1661-6596

IS - 17

ER -