Biopolymer coated magnetite nanoparticles (MNPs) are suitable to fabricate biocompatible magnetic fluid (MF). Their comprehensive characterization, however, is a necessary step to assess whether bioapplications are feasible before expensive in vitro and in vivo tests. The MNPs were prepared by co-precipitation, and after careful purification, they were coated by chondroitin-sulfate-A (CSA). CSA exhibits high affnity adsorption to MNPs (H-type isotherm). We could only make stable MF of CSA coated MNPs (CSA@MNPs) under accurate conditions. The CSA@MNP was characterized by TEM (size ~10 nm) and VSM (saturation magnetization ~57 emu/g). Inner-sphere metal-carboxylate complex formation between CSA and MNP was proved by FTIR-ATR and XPS. Electrophoresis and DLS measurements show that the CSA@MNPs at CSA-loading < 0.2 mmol/g were stable at pH > 4. The salt tolerance of the product improved up to ~0.5 M NaCl at pH~6.3. Under favorable redox conditions, no iron leaching from the magnetic core was detected by ICP measurements. Thus, the characterization predicts both chemical and colloidal stability of CSA@MNPs in biological milieu regarding its pH and salt concentration. MTT assays showed no significant impact of CSA@MNP on the proliferation of A431 cells. According to these facts, the CSA@MNPs have a great potential in biocompatible MF preparation for medical applications.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Computer Science Applications
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Organic Chemistry
- Inorganic Chemistry