Chemo-, stereo- and regioselective hydrogenolysis of carbohydrate benzylidene acetals. Synthesis of benzyl ethers of benzyl α-d-, methyl β-D-mannopyranosides and benzyl α-D-rhamnopyranoside by ring cleavage of benzylidene derivatives with the LiAlH4-AlCl3 reagent

A. Lipták, János Imre, János Harangi, Pál Nánási, András Neszmélyi

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Abstract

Treatment of benzyl α-(1) and methyl β-d-mannopyranoside (2) with α,α-dimethoxytoluene gave the exo and endo isomers (3,5 and 4,6) of the dibenzylidene derivatives of 1 and 2. Hydrogenolysis of the exo isomers (3 and 5) with a molar equivalent of AlH2Cl gave the 3-0-benzyl-4,6-0-benzylidene derivatives (7 and 21), whereas the endo isomers (4 and 6) gave the 2-0-benzyl-4,6-0-benzylidene compounds (8 and 22). The 2-0-allyl ether 9 of 7, the 3-0-allyl derivative (10) of 8 and compounds 21 and 22 were treated with an additional molar equivalent of AlH2Cl at reflux and the products were the 4-0-benzyl-6-hydroxyl derivatives (11, 12, 23 and 24), whereas in the case of 22 the 6-0-benzyl-4-hydroxyl isomer (25) was also isolated. By deallylation of 11 and 12, 3,4-(13) and 2,4-di-0-benzyl (14) ethers of 1 were prepared. Tosylation of 11 and 12, and subsequent reduction of the products (15 and 16) made possible the preparation of the partially protected benzyl α-d-rhamnopyranoside derivatives (17-20). The structures of the compounds synthesized were characterized by 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopic investigation and by chemical methods.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3721-3727
Number of pages7
JournalTetrahedron
Volume38
Issue number24
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1982

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Acetals
Hydrogenolysis
Ethers
Benzylidene Compounds
Hydroxyl Radical
Isomers
Carbohydrates
Derivatives
Mannose
Ether
Nuclear magnetic resonance
methylmannoside
aluminum chloride
lithium aluminum hydride
dimethoxytoluene
Proton Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
Carbon-13 Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Drug Discovery

Cite this

@article{76f082676c5b4347ac6a88beddfd9036,
title = "Chemo-, stereo- and regioselective hydrogenolysis of carbohydrate benzylidene acetals. Synthesis of benzyl ethers of benzyl α-d-, methyl β-D-mannopyranosides and benzyl α-D-rhamnopyranoside by ring cleavage of benzylidene derivatives with the LiAlH4-AlCl3 reagent",
abstract = "Treatment of benzyl α-(1) and methyl β-d-mannopyranoside (2) with α,α-dimethoxytoluene gave the exo and endo isomers (3,5 and 4,6) of the dibenzylidene derivatives of 1 and 2. Hydrogenolysis of the exo isomers (3 and 5) with a molar equivalent of AlH2Cl gave the 3-0-benzyl-4,6-0-benzylidene derivatives (7 and 21), whereas the endo isomers (4 and 6) gave the 2-0-benzyl-4,6-0-benzylidene compounds (8 and 22). The 2-0-allyl ether 9 of 7, the 3-0-allyl derivative (10) of 8 and compounds 21 and 22 were treated with an additional molar equivalent of AlH2Cl at reflux and the products were the 4-0-benzyl-6-hydroxyl derivatives (11, 12, 23 and 24), whereas in the case of 22 the 6-0-benzyl-4-hydroxyl isomer (25) was also isolated. By deallylation of 11 and 12, 3,4-(13) and 2,4-di-0-benzyl (14) ethers of 1 were prepared. Tosylation of 11 and 12, and subsequent reduction of the products (15 and 16) made possible the preparation of the partially protected benzyl α-d-rhamnopyranoside derivatives (17-20). The structures of the compounds synthesized were characterized by 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopic investigation and by chemical methods.",
author = "A. Lipt{\'a}k and J{\'a}nos Imre and J{\'a}nos Harangi and P{\'a}l N{\'a}n{\'a}si and Andr{\'a}s Neszm{\'e}lyi",
year = "1982",
doi = "10.1016/0040-4020(82)80083-5",
language = "English",
volume = "38",
pages = "3721--3727",
journal = "Tetrahedron",
issn = "0040-4020",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",
number = "24",

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Chemo-, stereo- and regioselective hydrogenolysis of carbohydrate benzylidene acetals. Synthesis of benzyl ethers of benzyl α-d-, methyl β-D-mannopyranosides and benzyl α-D-rhamnopyranoside by ring cleavage of benzylidene derivatives with the LiAlH4-AlCl3 reagent

AU - Lipták, A.

AU - Imre, János

AU - Harangi, János

AU - Nánási, Pál

AU - Neszmélyi, András

PY - 1982

Y1 - 1982

N2 - Treatment of benzyl α-(1) and methyl β-d-mannopyranoside (2) with α,α-dimethoxytoluene gave the exo and endo isomers (3,5 and 4,6) of the dibenzylidene derivatives of 1 and 2. Hydrogenolysis of the exo isomers (3 and 5) with a molar equivalent of AlH2Cl gave the 3-0-benzyl-4,6-0-benzylidene derivatives (7 and 21), whereas the endo isomers (4 and 6) gave the 2-0-benzyl-4,6-0-benzylidene compounds (8 and 22). The 2-0-allyl ether 9 of 7, the 3-0-allyl derivative (10) of 8 and compounds 21 and 22 were treated with an additional molar equivalent of AlH2Cl at reflux and the products were the 4-0-benzyl-6-hydroxyl derivatives (11, 12, 23 and 24), whereas in the case of 22 the 6-0-benzyl-4-hydroxyl isomer (25) was also isolated. By deallylation of 11 and 12, 3,4-(13) and 2,4-di-0-benzyl (14) ethers of 1 were prepared. Tosylation of 11 and 12, and subsequent reduction of the products (15 and 16) made possible the preparation of the partially protected benzyl α-d-rhamnopyranoside derivatives (17-20). The structures of the compounds synthesized were characterized by 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopic investigation and by chemical methods.

AB - Treatment of benzyl α-(1) and methyl β-d-mannopyranoside (2) with α,α-dimethoxytoluene gave the exo and endo isomers (3,5 and 4,6) of the dibenzylidene derivatives of 1 and 2. Hydrogenolysis of the exo isomers (3 and 5) with a molar equivalent of AlH2Cl gave the 3-0-benzyl-4,6-0-benzylidene derivatives (7 and 21), whereas the endo isomers (4 and 6) gave the 2-0-benzyl-4,6-0-benzylidene compounds (8 and 22). The 2-0-allyl ether 9 of 7, the 3-0-allyl derivative (10) of 8 and compounds 21 and 22 were treated with an additional molar equivalent of AlH2Cl at reflux and the products were the 4-0-benzyl-6-hydroxyl derivatives (11, 12, 23 and 24), whereas in the case of 22 the 6-0-benzyl-4-hydroxyl isomer (25) was also isolated. By deallylation of 11 and 12, 3,4-(13) and 2,4-di-0-benzyl (14) ethers of 1 were prepared. Tosylation of 11 and 12, and subsequent reduction of the products (15 and 16) made possible the preparation of the partially protected benzyl α-d-rhamnopyranoside derivatives (17-20). The structures of the compounds synthesized were characterized by 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopic investigation and by chemical methods.

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U2 - 10.1016/0040-4020(82)80083-5

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EP - 3727

JO - Tetrahedron

JF - Tetrahedron

SN - 0040-4020

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