Chaotic motion of light particles in an unsteady three-dimensional vortex: Experiments and simulation

József Vanyó, Miklós Vincze, Imre M. Jánosi, Tamás Tél

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2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We study the chaotic motion of a small rigid sphere, lighter than the fluid in a three-dimensional vortex of finite height. Based on the results of Eulerian and Lagrangian measurements, a sequence of models is set up. The time-independent model is a generalization of the Burgers vortex. In this case, there are two types of attractors for the particle: a fixed point on the vortex axis and a limit cycle around the vortex axis. Time dependence might combine these regular attractors into a single chaotic attractor, however its robustness is much weaker than what the experiments suggest. To construct an aperiodically time-dependent advection dynamics in a simple way, Gaussian noise is added to the particle velocity in the numerical simulation. With an appropriate choice of the noise properties, mimicking the effect of local turbulence, a reasonable agreement with the experimentally observed particle statistics is found.

Original languageEnglish
Article number013002
JournalPhysical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics
Volume90
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - júl. 8 2014

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
  • Statistics and Probability
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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