Optimal reaction conditions were established for hydrogenation of plasma membranes of living murine GRSL leukemia cells, using the water-soluble catalyst Pd(QS)2 (QS, sulphonated alizarine; C14H6O7NaS). Under these conditions more than 80% of the cells remained viable. Analysis by gas chromatography revealed that hydrogenation occurred predominantly in the 18:2, 20:4 and 22:6 fatty acyl chains of the membrane phospholipids. Under the same conditions hydrogenation was also performed in purified plasma membranes from GRSL cells and from rat liver, and in liposomes prepared from the total lipid extracts of these membranes. Hydrogenation increased the lipid structural order parameter in the membranes, as measured by fluorescence polarization. This increase was more pronounced in the liposomes (46%) than in the plasma membranes (17-25%). Hydrogenation increased the expression of a 15 kDa antigen on the surface of viable GRSL cells, as measured in a Fluorescence Activated Cell Sorter, using monoclonal antibodies. The expression of four other antigens, among which H-2k, was not or much less affected by this treatment.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology