Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent and -independent down-regulation of c-myb mRNA levels in erythropoietin-responsive murine erythroleukemia cells: The role of calcineurin

András Schaefer, M. Magócsi, Ulrich Stöcker, Anette Fandrich, Hans Marquardt

Research output: Article

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Down-regulation of c-myb mRNA levels by [Ca2+]i-increasing agents (A23187, thapsigargin, cyclopiazonic acid) and erythropoietin was comparatively studied in the erythropoietin-responsive murine erythroleukemia cell line, ELM-I-1. The Ca2+-induced suppression of c-myb mRNA could be inhibited by the calmodulin antagonists trifluoperazine and calmidazolium, as well as by cyclosporin A, an inhibitor of the Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein phosphatase 2B (calcineurin). KN-62, an inhibitor of Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinases, did not antagonize the Ca2+-mediated decrease in c-myb mRNA. In cyclosporin A-treated ELM-I-1 cells, a close correlation could be demonstrated between the antagonization of the Ca2+ effect on c-myb mRNA levels and inhibition of the calcineurin phophatase activity. On the other hand, FK506, which did not inhibit calcineurin activity in ELM-I-1 cells, failed to prevent the Ca2+-mediated decrease in c-myb mRNA. The erythropoietin-induced down-regulation of c-myb mRNA levels could be demonstrated also in the presence of EGTA and was resistant to calmodulin antagonists and cyclosporin A. In addition, no increase in [Ca2+]i was observed in ELM-I-1 cells in response to erythropoietin. Cyclosporin A inhibited the Ca2+-induced hemoglobin production, while the erythropoietin-mediated increase in hemoglobin synthesis was not affected. The results indicate that the Ca2+-induced decrease in c-myb mRNA and increase in hemoglobin synthesis is mediated by calcineurin, while these effects of erythropoietin occur independently of Ca2+ in ELM-I-1 cells. Calcineurin may be involved in the regulation of c-myb expression in erythroid precursor cells and Ca2+ signals via calcineurin may positively modulate the differentiation inducing action of erythropoietin.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13484-13490
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume271
Issue number23
Publication statusPublished - 1996

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Leukemia, Erythroblastic, Acute
Calcineurin
Calmodulin
Erythropoietin
Down-Regulation
Messenger RNA
Cyclosporine
Hemoglobins
KN 62
calmidazolium
Trifluoperazine
Calcium-Calmodulin-Dependent Protein Kinases
Erythroid Precursor Cells
Thapsigargin
Egtazic Acid
Calcimycin
Tacrolimus
Cells
Cell Line

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

Cite this

Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent and -independent down-regulation of c-myb mRNA levels in erythropoietin-responsive murine erythroleukemia cells : The role of calcineurin. / Schaefer, András; Magócsi, M.; Stöcker, Ulrich; Fandrich, Anette; Marquardt, Hans.

In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, Vol. 271, No. 23, 1996, p. 13484-13490.

Research output: Article

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abstract = "Down-regulation of c-myb mRNA levels by [Ca2+]i-increasing agents (A23187, thapsigargin, cyclopiazonic acid) and erythropoietin was comparatively studied in the erythropoietin-responsive murine erythroleukemia cell line, ELM-I-1. The Ca2+-induced suppression of c-myb mRNA could be inhibited by the calmodulin antagonists trifluoperazine and calmidazolium, as well as by cyclosporin A, an inhibitor of the Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein phosphatase 2B (calcineurin). KN-62, an inhibitor of Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinases, did not antagonize the Ca2+-mediated decrease in c-myb mRNA. In cyclosporin A-treated ELM-I-1 cells, a close correlation could be demonstrated between the antagonization of the Ca2+ effect on c-myb mRNA levels and inhibition of the calcineurin phophatase activity. On the other hand, FK506, which did not inhibit calcineurin activity in ELM-I-1 cells, failed to prevent the Ca2+-mediated decrease in c-myb mRNA. The erythropoietin-induced down-regulation of c-myb mRNA levels could be demonstrated also in the presence of EGTA and was resistant to calmodulin antagonists and cyclosporin A. In addition, no increase in [Ca2+]i was observed in ELM-I-1 cells in response to erythropoietin. Cyclosporin A inhibited the Ca2+-induced hemoglobin production, while the erythropoietin-mediated increase in hemoglobin synthesis was not affected. The results indicate that the Ca2+-induced decrease in c-myb mRNA and increase in hemoglobin synthesis is mediated by calcineurin, while these effects of erythropoietin occur independently of Ca2+ in ELM-I-1 cells. Calcineurin may be involved in the regulation of c-myb expression in erythroid precursor cells and Ca2+ signals via calcineurin may positively modulate the differentiation inducing action of erythropoietin.",
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T1 - Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent and -independent down-regulation of c-myb mRNA levels in erythropoietin-responsive murine erythroleukemia cells

T2 - The role of calcineurin

AU - Schaefer, András

AU - Magócsi, M.

AU - Stöcker, Ulrich

AU - Fandrich, Anette

AU - Marquardt, Hans

PY - 1996

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AB - Down-regulation of c-myb mRNA levels by [Ca2+]i-increasing agents (A23187, thapsigargin, cyclopiazonic acid) and erythropoietin was comparatively studied in the erythropoietin-responsive murine erythroleukemia cell line, ELM-I-1. The Ca2+-induced suppression of c-myb mRNA could be inhibited by the calmodulin antagonists trifluoperazine and calmidazolium, as well as by cyclosporin A, an inhibitor of the Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein phosphatase 2B (calcineurin). KN-62, an inhibitor of Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinases, did not antagonize the Ca2+-mediated decrease in c-myb mRNA. In cyclosporin A-treated ELM-I-1 cells, a close correlation could be demonstrated between the antagonization of the Ca2+ effect on c-myb mRNA levels and inhibition of the calcineurin phophatase activity. On the other hand, FK506, which did not inhibit calcineurin activity in ELM-I-1 cells, failed to prevent the Ca2+-mediated decrease in c-myb mRNA. The erythropoietin-induced down-regulation of c-myb mRNA levels could be demonstrated also in the presence of EGTA and was resistant to calmodulin antagonists and cyclosporin A. In addition, no increase in [Ca2+]i was observed in ELM-I-1 cells in response to erythropoietin. Cyclosporin A inhibited the Ca2+-induced hemoglobin production, while the erythropoietin-mediated increase in hemoglobin synthesis was not affected. The results indicate that the Ca2+-induced decrease in c-myb mRNA and increase in hemoglobin synthesis is mediated by calcineurin, while these effects of erythropoietin occur independently of Ca2+ in ELM-I-1 cells. Calcineurin may be involved in the regulation of c-myb expression in erythroid precursor cells and Ca2+ signals via calcineurin may positively modulate the differentiation inducing action of erythropoietin.

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