Cardiac changes in rheumatoid arthritis.

M. Bély, A. Apáthy, E. Beke-Martos

Research output: Article

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We reviewed the autopsy material of 169 patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and studied the cardiac changes is these patients. Systemic vasculitis was observed in 26 cases (15.38%) among 169 patients with RA. In 17 cases (10%) we found vasculitis of the subepicardial and/or intramural coronary vessels. Coronary arteritis or arteriolotis has led to multifocal small, and/or large myocardial infarctions in 10 cases (5.9%) and was the cause of progressive cardiac insufficiency, the direct cause of death. Multifocal circumscribed myocardial infarction reported in rheumatoid disease. In 8 cases rheumatoid nodules were found in the myocardium, 3 of them related to vasculitis. We suggest that rheumatoid nodules are the most severe form of necrotizing granulomatous vasculitis. Pathognomic nodular rheumatoid pericarditis was seen in 3 cases and diffuse rheumatoid pericarditis in another case. Pathognomic nodular valvulitis was found in 7 cases. Rheumatoid nodules localized to the epi-, myo-, or endocardium were observed on 9 patients. Generalized secondary amyloidosis was observed in 32 (18.93%) of the 169 patients with RA. Secondary amyloidosis was prevalent in the heart in 29 of 32 cases (relative frequency: 90.62%).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)149-186
Number of pages38
JournalActa morphologica Hungarica
Volume40
Issue number1-4
Publication statusPublished - 1992

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anatomy

Cite this

Bély, M., Apáthy, A., & Beke-Martos, E. (1992). Cardiac changes in rheumatoid arthritis. Acta morphologica Hungarica, 40(1-4), 149-186.