Growing evidence supports that mitochondrial calcium uptake is important for cell metabolism, signaling and survival. However, both the molecular nature of the mitochondrial Ca 2+ transport sites and the calcium signals they respond to remained elusive. Recent RNA interference studies have identified new candidate proteins for Ca 2+ transport across the inner mitochondrial membrane, including LETM1, MCU, MICU1 and NCLX. The sensitivity of these factors to several drugs has been tested and in parallel, some new inhibitors of mitochondrial Ca 2+ uptake have been described. This paper provides an update on the pharmacological aspects of the molecular mechanisms of the inner mitochondrial membrane Ca 2+ transport.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology