Body mass related variations in the polar lipid fatty acyl chain composition of the mammalian lung and alveolar surfactant

Research output: Article

Abstract

In nine mammalian species (mouse - cattle: 21.5 g-503 kg) lung total phospholipids (PL), alveolar surfactant phosphatidylcholine (PC) and sphingomyelin (SM) fatty acyl (FA) chain composition was tested relating to body mass (BM) and resting respiratory rate (RRR) associated adaptations. In PL, PC and SM oleic acid (C18:1 n9) provided negative correlations with RRR. Palmitic acid (C16:0) was strongly, positively correlated with RRR in the pulmonary PLs, and myristic (C14:0) acid correlated positively with RRR in the surfactant PCs. In pulmonary PLs negative allometry was found for myristic, palmitic, palmitoleic (C16:1 n7) and docosahexaenoic (C22:6 n3) acids and total saturation, while oleic (C18:1 n9), alpha-linolenic (C18:3 n3) and gondoic (C20:1 n9) acids, total n9 FA s and monounsaturation increased allometrically. In surfactant PC FA s palmitic acid provided negative, while oleic acid and monounsaturation positive allometry; the average FA chain length (ACL) was identical in all species. Surfactant SM FA composition was fully species independent for palmitic and arachidonic acids, total saturation, monounsaturation and ACL. The in vivo lipid peroxidation rate was species independent. The variability of lung PLs was consonant with the "membrane pacemakers theory", while surfactant PC composition was mostly related to RRR.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)289-304
Number of pages16
JournalActa biologica Hungarica
Volume64
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - szept. 1 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Neurology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Body mass related variations in the polar lipid fatty acyl chain composition of the mammalian lung and alveolar surfactant'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this