Blood supply of the rat hypothalamus. V. The medial hypothalamus (nucleus ventromedialis, nucleus dorsomedialis, nucleus perifornicalis)

G. Ambach, M. Palkóvits

Research output: Article

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Using the India ink double-perfusion technique, the blood vessels of the rat's medial hypothalamus were reconstructed from serial sections. The area studied comprised the ventromedial, dorsomedial and perifornical nuclei. The arterial supply of this territory comes from the middle hypothalamic and the anterior, middle and posterior tuberal arteries. The drainage is strictly undirectional: ventralward by the anterior, middle and posterior ventromedial, the posteromedial and posterolateral hypothalamic veins, all ending in the basal vein. The arteries of the ventromedial and dorsomedial nuclei are distinct from those of the arcuate nucleus and median eminence, and their drainage is not connected with the portal vessels. The nuclei studied, even at the levels of their subdivisions, possess their own arteries whose territories of supply can be well distinguished with a minimum of overlap. The topography of these arteries is described in detail. The medial hypothalamus has no vascular connections with other regions of the diencephalon including the thalamus.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)259-278
Number of pages20
JournalActa Morphologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae
Volume25
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1977

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Middle Hypothalamus
Hypothalamus
Arteries
Mediodorsal Thalamic Nucleus
Blood Vessels
Drainage
Cerebral Veins
Diencephalon
Median Eminence
Arcuate Nucleus of Hypothalamus
Thalamus
Veins
Perfusion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anatomy

Cite this

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abstract = "Using the India ink double-perfusion technique, the blood vessels of the rat's medial hypothalamus were reconstructed from serial sections. The area studied comprised the ventromedial, dorsomedial and perifornical nuclei. The arterial supply of this territory comes from the middle hypothalamic and the anterior, middle and posterior tuberal arteries. The drainage is strictly undirectional: ventralward by the anterior, middle and posterior ventromedial, the posteromedial and posterolateral hypothalamic veins, all ending in the basal vein. The arteries of the ventromedial and dorsomedial nuclei are distinct from those of the arcuate nucleus and median eminence, and their drainage is not connected with the portal vessels. The nuclei studied, even at the levels of their subdivisions, possess their own arteries whose territories of supply can be well distinguished with a minimum of overlap. The topography of these arteries is described in detail. The medial hypothalamus has no vascular connections with other regions of the diencephalon including the thalamus.",
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N2 - Using the India ink double-perfusion technique, the blood vessels of the rat's medial hypothalamus were reconstructed from serial sections. The area studied comprised the ventromedial, dorsomedial and perifornical nuclei. The arterial supply of this territory comes from the middle hypothalamic and the anterior, middle and posterior tuberal arteries. The drainage is strictly undirectional: ventralward by the anterior, middle and posterior ventromedial, the posteromedial and posterolateral hypothalamic veins, all ending in the basal vein. The arteries of the ventromedial and dorsomedial nuclei are distinct from those of the arcuate nucleus and median eminence, and their drainage is not connected with the portal vessels. The nuclei studied, even at the levels of their subdivisions, possess their own arteries whose territories of supply can be well distinguished with a minimum of overlap. The topography of these arteries is described in detail. The medial hypothalamus has no vascular connections with other regions of the diencephalon including the thalamus.

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