Bioimpedance analysis of body composition in an international twin cohort

Adam D. Tarnoki, David L. Tarnoki, Emanuela Medda, Rodolfo Cotichini, Maria A. Stazi, Corrado Fagnani, Lorenza Nisticò, Pierleone Lucatelli, Emanuele Boatta, Chiara Zini, Fabrizio Fanelli, Claudio Baracchini, Giorgio Meneghetti, Giuseppe Schillaci, J. Osztovits, G. Jermendy, R. Kiss, I. Préda, K. Karlinger, Agnes LannertJ. Métneki, Andrea A. Molnar, Zsolt Garami, V. Bérczi, Ildiko Halasz, Gyorgy Baffy

Research output: Article

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: Multiple twin studies have demonstrated the heritability of anthropometric and metabolic traits. However, assessment of body composition parameters by bioimpedance analysis (BIA) has not been routinely performed in this setting. Design: A cross-sectional study. Setting: Study subjects were recruited and assessed at twin festivals or at major university hospitals in Italy, Hungary, and the United States to estimate the influence of genetic and environmental components on body composition parameters in a large, wide age range, international twin cohort by using bioelectrical impedance analysis. Subjects: 380 adult twin pairs (230 monozygotic and 150 dizygotic pairs; male:female ratio, 68:32; age years 49.1 ± 15.4; mean ± standard deviation; age range 18-82) were included in the analysis. Results: Heritability was calculated for weight (82%; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 78-85), waist and hip circumferences (74%; 95%CI: 68-79), body fat percentage (74%; 95%CI: 69-79), fat-free mass (74%; 95%CI: 69-79) and body mass index (79%; 95%CI: 74-83). The completely environmental model showed no impact of shared environmental effects on the variance, while unshared environmental effects were estimated as between 18% and 26%. Conclusions: BIA findings provide additional evidence to the heritability of anthropometric attributes related to obesity and indicate the practical value of this simple method in supporting efforts to prevent obesity-related adverse health events.

Original languageEnglish
JournalObesity Research and Clinical Practice
Volume8
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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Body Composition
Confidence Intervals
Obesity
Holidays
Twin Studies
Hungary
Waist Circumference
Electric Impedance
Italy
Adipose Tissue
Hip
Body Mass Index
Cross-Sectional Studies
Fats
Weights and Measures
Health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Cite this

Tarnoki, A. D., Tarnoki, D. L., Medda, E., Cotichini, R., Stazi, M. A., Fagnani, C., ... Baffy, G. (2014). Bioimpedance analysis of body composition in an international twin cohort. Obesity Research and Clinical Practice, 8(3). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.orcp.2012.09.001

Bioimpedance analysis of body composition in an international twin cohort. / Tarnoki, Adam D.; Tarnoki, David L.; Medda, Emanuela; Cotichini, Rodolfo; Stazi, Maria A.; Fagnani, Corrado; Nisticò, Lorenza; Lucatelli, Pierleone; Boatta, Emanuele; Zini, Chiara; Fanelli, Fabrizio; Baracchini, Claudio; Meneghetti, Giorgio; Schillaci, Giuseppe; Osztovits, J.; Jermendy, G.; Kiss, R.; Préda, I.; Karlinger, K.; Lannert, Agnes; Métneki, J.; Molnar, Andrea A.; Garami, Zsolt; Bérczi, V.; Halasz, Ildiko; Baffy, Gyorgy.

In: Obesity Research and Clinical Practice, Vol. 8, No. 3, 2014.

Research output: Article

Tarnoki, AD, Tarnoki, DL, Medda, E, Cotichini, R, Stazi, MA, Fagnani, C, Nisticò, L, Lucatelli, P, Boatta, E, Zini, C, Fanelli, F, Baracchini, C, Meneghetti, G, Schillaci, G, Osztovits, J, Jermendy, G, Kiss, R, Préda, I, Karlinger, K, Lannert, A, Métneki, J, Molnar, AA, Garami, Z, Bérczi, V, Halasz, I & Baffy, G 2014, 'Bioimpedance analysis of body composition in an international twin cohort', Obesity Research and Clinical Practice, vol. 8, no. 3. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.orcp.2012.09.001
Tarnoki, Adam D. ; Tarnoki, David L. ; Medda, Emanuela ; Cotichini, Rodolfo ; Stazi, Maria A. ; Fagnani, Corrado ; Nisticò, Lorenza ; Lucatelli, Pierleone ; Boatta, Emanuele ; Zini, Chiara ; Fanelli, Fabrizio ; Baracchini, Claudio ; Meneghetti, Giorgio ; Schillaci, Giuseppe ; Osztovits, J. ; Jermendy, G. ; Kiss, R. ; Préda, I. ; Karlinger, K. ; Lannert, Agnes ; Métneki, J. ; Molnar, Andrea A. ; Garami, Zsolt ; Bérczi, V. ; Halasz, Ildiko ; Baffy, Gyorgy. / Bioimpedance analysis of body composition in an international twin cohort. In: Obesity Research and Clinical Practice. 2014 ; Vol. 8, No. 3.
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abstract = "Objective: Multiple twin studies have demonstrated the heritability of anthropometric and metabolic traits. However, assessment of body composition parameters by bioimpedance analysis (BIA) has not been routinely performed in this setting. Design: A cross-sectional study. Setting: Study subjects were recruited and assessed at twin festivals or at major university hospitals in Italy, Hungary, and the United States to estimate the influence of genetic and environmental components on body composition parameters in a large, wide age range, international twin cohort by using bioelectrical impedance analysis. Subjects: 380 adult twin pairs (230 monozygotic and 150 dizygotic pairs; male:female ratio, 68:32; age years 49.1 ± 15.4; mean ± standard deviation; age range 18-82) were included in the analysis. Results: Heritability was calculated for weight (82{\%}; 95{\%} confidence interval [CI]: 78-85), waist and hip circumferences (74{\%}; 95{\%}CI: 68-79), body fat percentage (74{\%}; 95{\%}CI: 69-79), fat-free mass (74{\%}; 95{\%}CI: 69-79) and body mass index (79{\%}; 95{\%}CI: 74-83). The completely environmental model showed no impact of shared environmental effects on the variance, while unshared environmental effects were estimated as between 18{\%} and 26{\%}. Conclusions: BIA findings provide additional evidence to the heritability of anthropometric attributes related to obesity and indicate the practical value of this simple method in supporting efforts to prevent obesity-related adverse health events.",
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AU - Tarnoki, Adam D.

AU - Tarnoki, David L.

AU - Medda, Emanuela

AU - Cotichini, Rodolfo

AU - Stazi, Maria A.

AU - Fagnani, Corrado

AU - Nisticò, Lorenza

AU - Lucatelli, Pierleone

AU - Boatta, Emanuele

AU - Zini, Chiara

AU - Fanelli, Fabrizio

AU - Baracchini, Claudio

AU - Meneghetti, Giorgio

AU - Schillaci, Giuseppe

AU - Osztovits, J.

AU - Jermendy, G.

AU - Kiss, R.

AU - Préda, I.

AU - Karlinger, K.

AU - Lannert, Agnes

AU - Métneki, J.

AU - Molnar, Andrea A.

AU - Garami, Zsolt

AU - Bérczi, V.

AU - Halasz, Ildiko

AU - Baffy, Gyorgy

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - Objective: Multiple twin studies have demonstrated the heritability of anthropometric and metabolic traits. However, assessment of body composition parameters by bioimpedance analysis (BIA) has not been routinely performed in this setting. Design: A cross-sectional study. Setting: Study subjects were recruited and assessed at twin festivals or at major university hospitals in Italy, Hungary, and the United States to estimate the influence of genetic and environmental components on body composition parameters in a large, wide age range, international twin cohort by using bioelectrical impedance analysis. Subjects: 380 adult twin pairs (230 monozygotic and 150 dizygotic pairs; male:female ratio, 68:32; age years 49.1 ± 15.4; mean ± standard deviation; age range 18-82) were included in the analysis. Results: Heritability was calculated for weight (82%; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 78-85), waist and hip circumferences (74%; 95%CI: 68-79), body fat percentage (74%; 95%CI: 69-79), fat-free mass (74%; 95%CI: 69-79) and body mass index (79%; 95%CI: 74-83). The completely environmental model showed no impact of shared environmental effects on the variance, while unshared environmental effects were estimated as between 18% and 26%. Conclusions: BIA findings provide additional evidence to the heritability of anthropometric attributes related to obesity and indicate the practical value of this simple method in supporting efforts to prevent obesity-related adverse health events.

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KW - Bioelectrical impedance analysis

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KW - Genetics

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