Recent studies suggest that hydrogen sulfide (H2S) exhibits potent antioxidant capacity and improves vascular and tissue functions. Thus we aimed to compare the antioxidant efficacy of H2S to that of superoxide dismutase (SOD).Isometric force of isolated rat carotid arteries and gracilis veins was measured with a myograph. The vasomotor effect of the superoxide-generator pyrogallol (10-5M) was obtained in control conditions, and then in the presence of SOD (120 U/ml) or H2S (10-5M or 10-4M), respectively. Spectrophotometric measurements were performed to detect the effect of SOD and H2S on the auto-oxidation of pyrogallol.Pyrogallol increased the isometric force of carotid arteries (9.7 ± 0.8 mN), which was abolished by SOD (5.3 ± 0.8 mN), was not affected by 10-5M H2S (9.1 ± 0.5 mN), whereas 10-4M H2S slightly, but significantly reduced it (8.1 ± 0.7 mN). Pyrogallol significantly increased the isometric force of gracilis veins (1.3 ± 0.2 mN), which was abolished by SOD (0.9 ± 0.2 mN), whereas 10-5M (1.3 ± 0.2 mN), or 10 -4M H2S (1.2 ± 0.2 mN) did not affect it. Pyrogallol-induced superoxide production was measured by a spectrophotometer (A420 = 0.19 ± 0.0). SOD reduced absorbance (A420 = 0.02 ± 0.0), whereas 10-5M H2S did not (A 420 = 0.18 ± 0.0) and 10-4M H2S slightly reduced it (A420 = 0.15 ± 0.0).These data suggest that H 2S is a less effective vascular antioxidant than SOD. We propose that the previously described beneficial effects of H2S are unlikely to be related to its direct effect on superoxide.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physiology (medical)