The authors discuss the incidence of perforation related to endoscopic retrograde cholangio-pancreatography, which is relatively uncommon (0.3-1%) among other types of complications. Perforations can be classified into three types based on their forms and locations. Having reviewed the literature the authors conclude that the most common type is periampullary perforation and the less frequent one is peritoneal perforation. The former usually heals after conservative treatment, while the latter needs an operation. The authors emphasize the important prognostic role of timely diagnosis and surgical treatment if alarming signs (peritoneal, septic) are present. Known predisposing factors, when the procedure needs more careful attention, are also summarized (postoperative status, needle knife papillectomy, intramural contrast media, long lasting examination). After reviewing their own cases, the authors establish that the incidence of perforation in their own centre was four per thousand (10/2400), out of which nine were periampullar and one peritoneal type. In 6 cases operation was necessary, and there was no mortality. The authors conclude that individually tailored therapy can largely reduce the 30-40% mortality rate reported in earlier studies. Orv. Hetil., 2014, 155(7), 248-254.
ASJC Scopus subject areas