Atmospheric fronts as minor cardiovascular risk factors, a new approach to preventive cardiology

Melinda Boussoussou, Nora Boussoussou, Gergő Merész, Márton Rakovics, L. Entz, A. Nemes

Research output: Article

Abstract

Background: Cardiovascular diseases are the number one cause of death globally and represent 31% of all global deaths. The aim of our study was to determine the influence of front effects on acute cardiovascular diseases (ACVDs). Methods: We obtained all ACVD admissions in a Central-European region, Hungary, Budapest. A time-series analysis was applied to 6499 morbidity cases during a five-year period (2009–2013). Poisson-regression model was used and adjusted for air temperature, pressure, humidity, wind velocity, their interactions and seasonality to assess the association of fronts and ACVDs. Results: There is a positive significant association between ACVDs and a cold front effect lagged by one day (p = 0.018) with a relative risk (RR) of 1.095 [95% CI (1.021,1.181)]. Our findings show that among patient subgroups with major cardiovascular risk factors (hypertension, diabetes, hyperlipidemia, history of CVDs) the patterns are similar, but occluded fronts also have a significant effect. Conclusion: Atmospheric fronts could play an important role in the pathogenesis of ACVDs. Our findings might help to provide a better understanding about fronts as minor cardiovascular risk factors and to organize medical prevention more effectively. Our research project may become a basis of a new field of preventive cardiovascular medicine in the future.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Cardiology
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - jan. 1 2019

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Cardiology
Acute Disease
Cardiovascular Diseases
Air Pressure
Preventive Medicine
Hungary
Humidity
Hyperlipidemias
Cause of Death
Hypertension
Morbidity
Temperature
Research

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

Atmospheric fronts as minor cardiovascular risk factors, a new approach to preventive cardiology. / Boussoussou, Melinda; Boussoussou, Nora; Merész, Gergő; Rakovics, Márton; Entz, L.; Nemes, A.

In: Journal of Cardiology, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Article

Boussoussou, Melinda ; Boussoussou, Nora ; Merész, Gergő ; Rakovics, Márton ; Entz, L. ; Nemes, A. / Atmospheric fronts as minor cardiovascular risk factors, a new approach to preventive cardiology. In: Journal of Cardiology. 2019.
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AU - Entz, L.

AU - Nemes, A.

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