Assessment of risk behaviors for HIV infection among psychiatric inpatients

J. Volavka, A. Convit, J. O'Donnell, R. Douyon, C. Evangelista, P. Czobor

Research output: Article

63 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A 13-item questionnaire was constructed to assess risk factors for HIV infection among 476 patients newly admitted over a one-year period to a state psychiatric hospital in New York City. Because psychopathology can affect patients' self-reports, the validity of the instrument was established by HIV antibody tests in a subset of 352 patients. Results of the questionnaire indicated that the 352 patients were almost equally divided between the high- risk and low-risk categories. HIV seroprevalence was .6 percent among the low-risk patients, but 14.4 percent among the high-risk patients. The findings suggest that a screening program to detect HIV-positive patients should be undertaken in this population, that it should be focused on the high-risk subgroup, and that the questionnaire can be used to define that subgroup. However, results of the study may not generalize to other geographic areas.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)482-485
Number of pages4
JournalHospital and Community Psychiatry
Volume43
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1992

Fingerprint

Risk-Taking
HIV Infections
Psychiatry
Inpatients
HIV Seroprevalence
HIV Antibodies
State Hospitals
Psychiatric Hospitals
Psychopathology
Self Report
HIV
Population
Surveys and Questionnaires

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Volavka, J., Convit, A., O'Donnell, J., Douyon, R., Evangelista, C., & Czobor, P. (1992). Assessment of risk behaviors for HIV infection among psychiatric inpatients. Hospital and Community Psychiatry, 43(5), 482-485.

Assessment of risk behaviors for HIV infection among psychiatric inpatients. / Volavka, J.; Convit, A.; O'Donnell, J.; Douyon, R.; Evangelista, C.; Czobor, P.

In: Hospital and Community Psychiatry, Vol. 43, No. 5, 1992, p. 482-485.

Research output: Article

Volavka, J, Convit, A, O'Donnell, J, Douyon, R, Evangelista, C & Czobor, P 1992, 'Assessment of risk behaviors for HIV infection among psychiatric inpatients', Hospital and Community Psychiatry, vol. 43, no. 5, pp. 482-485.
Volavka J, Convit A, O'Donnell J, Douyon R, Evangelista C, Czobor P. Assessment of risk behaviors for HIV infection among psychiatric inpatients. Hospital and Community Psychiatry. 1992;43(5):482-485.
Volavka, J. ; Convit, A. ; O'Donnell, J. ; Douyon, R. ; Evangelista, C. ; Czobor, P. / Assessment of risk behaviors for HIV infection among psychiatric inpatients. In: Hospital and Community Psychiatry. 1992 ; Vol. 43, No. 5. pp. 482-485.
@article{f1e7f3d7e4f640aea1899e33dc849da3,
title = "Assessment of risk behaviors for HIV infection among psychiatric inpatients",
abstract = "A 13-item questionnaire was constructed to assess risk factors for HIV infection among 476 patients newly admitted over a one-year period to a state psychiatric hospital in New York City. Because psychopathology can affect patients' self-reports, the validity of the instrument was established by HIV antibody tests in a subset of 352 patients. Results of the questionnaire indicated that the 352 patients were almost equally divided between the high- risk and low-risk categories. HIV seroprevalence was .6 percent among the low-risk patients, but 14.4 percent among the high-risk patients. The findings suggest that a screening program to detect HIV-positive patients should be undertaken in this population, that it should be focused on the high-risk subgroup, and that the questionnaire can be used to define that subgroup. However, results of the study may not generalize to other geographic areas.",
author = "J. Volavka and A. Convit and J. O'Donnell and R. Douyon and C. Evangelista and P. Czobor",
year = "1992",
language = "English",
volume = "43",
pages = "482--485",
journal = "Psychiatric Services",
issn = "1075-2730",
publisher = "American Psychiatric Association",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Assessment of risk behaviors for HIV infection among psychiatric inpatients

AU - Volavka, J.

AU - Convit, A.

AU - O'Donnell, J.

AU - Douyon, R.

AU - Evangelista, C.

AU - Czobor, P.

PY - 1992

Y1 - 1992

N2 - A 13-item questionnaire was constructed to assess risk factors for HIV infection among 476 patients newly admitted over a one-year period to a state psychiatric hospital in New York City. Because psychopathology can affect patients' self-reports, the validity of the instrument was established by HIV antibody tests in a subset of 352 patients. Results of the questionnaire indicated that the 352 patients were almost equally divided between the high- risk and low-risk categories. HIV seroprevalence was .6 percent among the low-risk patients, but 14.4 percent among the high-risk patients. The findings suggest that a screening program to detect HIV-positive patients should be undertaken in this population, that it should be focused on the high-risk subgroup, and that the questionnaire can be used to define that subgroup. However, results of the study may not generalize to other geographic areas.

AB - A 13-item questionnaire was constructed to assess risk factors for HIV infection among 476 patients newly admitted over a one-year period to a state psychiatric hospital in New York City. Because psychopathology can affect patients' self-reports, the validity of the instrument was established by HIV antibody tests in a subset of 352 patients. Results of the questionnaire indicated that the 352 patients were almost equally divided between the high- risk and low-risk categories. HIV seroprevalence was .6 percent among the low-risk patients, but 14.4 percent among the high-risk patients. The findings suggest that a screening program to detect HIV-positive patients should be undertaken in this population, that it should be focused on the high-risk subgroup, and that the questionnaire can be used to define that subgroup. However, results of the study may not generalize to other geographic areas.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0026602602&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0026602602&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 1587512

AN - SCOPUS:0026602602

VL - 43

SP - 482

EP - 485

JO - Psychiatric Services

JF - Psychiatric Services

SN - 1075-2730

IS - 5

ER -