The possible pathogenic role of triglycerides (TG) in the development of ischemic stroke is still under extensive investigation. Recently, apolipoprotein (apo)A5 gene promoter region T-1131C polymorphism has been shown to associate with elevated serum TG levels. In the current work, a total of 302 subjects were classified as being large vessel-associated, small vessel-associated, or belonging to a mixed group of ischemic stroke-affected patients. The level of TG was increased in all groups (p < 0.01). The apoA5-1131C allele frequency was approximately twofold in all groups of stroke patients compared with the controls (5 vs 10-12%; p < 0.05); and the apoA5-1131C allele itself was also found to associate with increased TG levels in all groups. In a multivariate logistic regression analysis model adjusted for differences in age, gender, serum cholesterol, hypertension, presence of diabetes mellitus, smoking and drinking habits, and ischemic heart disease, a significantly increased risk of developing stroke disease was found in patients carrying the apoA5-1131C allele (p < 0.05; odds ratio OR = 2.1 [1.3-4.7]); this association was also proven for all subtypes of the stroke. The results presented here suggest that the apoA5-1131C allele is an independent risk factor for the development of stroke. Being that apoA5 gene is under the control of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α, theoretically, the current observations also can have long-term therapeutic consequences.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience