Antimicrobial and antiplasmid activities of essential oils

Zsuzsanna Schelz, Joseph Molnar, Judit Hohmann

Research output: Article

  • 209 Citations

Abstract

The antimicrobial and antiplasmid activities of essential oils (orange oil, eucalyptus oil, fennel oil, geranium oil, juniper oil, peppermint oil, rosemary oil, purified turpentine oil, thyme oil, Australian tea tree oil) and of menthol, the main component of peppermint oil, were investigated. The antimicrobial activities were determined on the Gram (+) Staphylococcus epidermidis and the Gram (-) Escherichia coli F'lac K12 LE140, and on two yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae 0425 δ/1 and 0425 52C strains. The antiplasmid activities were investigated on E. coli F'lac bacterial strain. Each of the oils exhibited antimicrobial activity and three of them antiplasmid action. The interaction of peppermint oil and menthol with the antibiotics was studied on the same bacterial strain with the checkerboard method. Peppermint oil and menthol displayed additive synergy with oxytetracycline. A new mechanism of plasmid curing was established for one of the oil components.

LanguageEnglish
Pages279-285
Number of pages7
JournalFitoterapia
Volume77
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - jún. 2006

Fingerprint

Volatile Oils
Oils
Menthol
Tea Tree Oil
Geranium
Foeniculum
Juniperus
Turpentine
Thymus Plant
Escherichia coli
Eucalyptus
Oxytetracycline
Staphylococcus epidermidis
Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Plasmids
Yeasts
Anti-Bacterial Agents
peppermint oil

Keywords

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Pharmacology

    Cite this

    Antimicrobial and antiplasmid activities of essential oils. / Schelz, Zsuzsanna; Molnar, Joseph; Hohmann, Judit.

    In: Fitoterapia, Vol. 77, No. 4, 06.2006, p. 279-285.

    Research output: Article

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