Analyzing the genesis, intensity, and tracks of western Mediterranean cyclones

J. Bartholy, R. Pongrácz, Margit Pattantyús-Ábrahám

Research output: Article

52 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Midlatitude cyclones are analyzed on a selected region covering most of southern Europe and the western part of the Mediterranean Sea (35-50°N, 10°W-25°E). On the basis of mean sea level pressure fields of the ECMWF (European Centre for Medium-range Weather Forecast) Reanalysis Dataset (ERA-40), detailed evaluation of Mediterranean cyclones is accomplished for the period between 1957 and 2002 on a 1° horizontal resolution grid. Cyclone centers are identified and their paths are tracked with a 6-h time step (using 00 UTC, 06 UTC, 12 UTC, and 18 UTC). Decadal, annual, and seasonal statistical analysis of cyclone tracks includes the study of the genesis, frequency, and activity of the Mediterranean cyclones as well as the variability of cyclone tracks. The results suggest that the cyclone frequency in the western Mediterranean region increased in summer and autumn, and decreased in winter and spring. A special belt-shaped area is identified, which plays a special role in cyclogenesis, and also, the cyclone tracks often remain within this belt. An overall decreasing trend is detected in winter and spring in the entire Mediterranean belt, while cyclone frequency increased in autumn. The largest positive and negative trend coefficients are identified in summer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)133-144
Number of pages12
JournalTheoretical and Applied Climatology
Volume96
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

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cyclone
autumn
cyclogenesis
winter
pressure field
summer
sea level pressure
statistical analysis
weather

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atmospheric Science

Cite this

Analyzing the genesis, intensity, and tracks of western Mediterranean cyclones. / Bartholy, J.; Pongrácz, R.; Pattantyús-Ábrahám, Margit.

In: Theoretical and Applied Climatology, Vol. 96, No. 1-2, 2009, p. 133-144.

Research output: Article

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