Akut psychosis mint az AIDS-hez társuló toxoplasma-encephalitis elso tünete.

Sándor Ilniczky, Róbert Debreczeni, Tibor Kovács, Viktória Várkonyi, Péter Barsi, Imre Szirmai

Research output: Article

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The most frequent neurological manifestations of the Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome-(AIDS) are Cerebral Toxoplasmosis, Primary Central Nervous System Lymphoma (PCNSL), Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy (PML) and AIDS-encephalitis (AIDS-dementia complex, multinucleated giant cell encephalitis, HIV-encephalopathy). Neurological complications usually occur in the advanced stages of the disease, and they are uncommon in the beginning as presenting illness, but may result in life-threatening condition or in death. Rarely the disease presents as a neuropsychiatric illness in an undiagnosed AIDS patient, delaying a proper diagnosis. We present the case of a 34 years old patient treated for AIDS-related Toxoplasma-encephalitis in our department. His illness started as an acute psychosis followed by rapid mental and somatic decline, leading to death in three months. His HIV-seropositivity was not known at his admission, and the extraneural manifestations were slight. The diagnosis was established by serology, imaging methods and histopathological investigation. After presenting the medical history and results of autopsy studies of the patient we discuss the problems of the differential diagnosis, especially regarding the findings of the imaging methods.

Translated title of the contributionAids-related toxoplasma-encephalitis presenting with acute psychotic episode
Original languageHungarian
Pages (from-to)289-293
Number of pages5
JournalIdeggyógyászati szemle
Volume59
Issue number7-8
Publication statusPublished - júl. 20 2006

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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