Artificial formation of flash-photoactive oligomeric protochlorophyllide complexes was found in etiolated pea (Pisum sativum L. cv. Zsuzsi) epicotyl homogenates containing glycerol (40% v/v) and sucrose (40% m/v). The 77 K fluorescence emission spectra indicated that the ratio of the 644 and 655 nm emitting forms to the 636 nm form increased during 3 to 5-day incubation in the dark at -14 °C. Electron micrographs showed the presence of well-organized prolamellar bodies in the homogenates. The same phenomena were found when the homogenates were frozen into liquid nitrogen and thawed to room temperature in several cycles. Similar treatments of intact epicotyl pieces caused significant membrane destructions. In homogenates, the in vitro produced 644 and 655 nm emitting protochlorophyllide forms were flash-photoactive; the extent of phototransformation increased compared to that in native epicotyls. The newly appeared 692 nm chlorophyllide band showed a blue shift (similar to the Shibata shift in leaves), however this process took place only partially due to the effect of the isolation medium. These results prove that the in vitro accumulated 644 and 655 nm protochlorophyllide forms were produced from the flash-photoactive 636 nm emitting monomeric NADPH:protochlorophyllide oxidoreductase units via aggregation, in connection with structure stabilization properties of glycerol and sucrose.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology