Acquired nintedanib resistance in FGFR1-driven small cell lung cancer: Role of endothelin-A receptor-activated ABCB1 expression

Bernhard Englinger, Daniela Lötsch, Christine Pirker, Thomas Mohr, Sushilla van Schoonhoven, Bernd Boidol, Charles Hugues Lardeau, Melanie Spitzwieser, Pál Szabó, Petra Heffeter, Irene Lang, Margit Cichna-Markl, Bettina Grasl-Kraupp, Brigitte Marian, Michael Grusch, Stefan Kubicek, Gergely Szakács, Walter Berger

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Abstract

Genomically amplified fibroblast growth factor receptor 1 (FGFR1) is an oncogenic driver in defined lung cancer subgroups and predicts sensibility against FGFR1 inhibitors in this patient cohort. The FGFR inhibitor nintedanib has recently been approved for treatment of lung adenocarcinoma and is currently evaluated for small cell lung cancer (SCLC). However, tumor recurrence due to development of nintedanib resistance might occur. Hence, we aimed at characterizing the molecular mechanisms underlying acquired nintedanib resistance in FGFR1-driven lung cancer. Chronic nintedanib exposure of the FGFR1-driven SCLC cell line DMS114 (DMS114/ NIN) but not of two NSCLC cell lines induced massive overexpression of the multidrug-resistance transporter ABCB1. Indeed, we proved nintedanib to be both substrate and modulator of ABCB1-mediated efflux. Importantly, the oncogenic FGFR1 signaling axis remained active in DMS114/NIN cells while bioinformatic analyses suggested hyperactivation of the endothelin-A receptor (ETAR) signaling axis. Indeed, ETAR inhibition resensitized DMS114/NIN cells against nintedanib by downregulation of ABCB1 expression. PKC and downstream NFκB were identified as major downstream players in ETAR-mediated ABCB1 hyperactivation. Summarizing, ABCB1 needs to be considered as a factor underlying nintedanib resistance. Combination approaches with ETAR antagonists or switching to non-ABCB1 substrate FGFR inhibitors represent innovative strategies to manage nintedanib resistance in lung cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)50161-50179
Number of pages19
JournalOncotarget
Volume7
Issue number31
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - jan. 1 2016

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology

Cite this

Englinger, B., Lötsch, D., Pirker, C., Mohr, T., van Schoonhoven, S., Boidol, B., Lardeau, C. H., Spitzwieser, M., Szabó, P., Heffeter, P., Lang, I., Cichna-Markl, M., Grasl-Kraupp, B., Marian, B., Grusch, M., Kubicek, S., Szakács, G., & Berger, W. (2016). Acquired nintedanib resistance in FGFR1-driven small cell lung cancer: Role of endothelin-A receptor-activated ABCB1 expression. Oncotarget, 7(31), 50161-50179. https://doi.org/10.18632/oncotarget.10324