Aims: Oxidative stress and neurohumoral factors play important role in the development of hypertension-induced vascular remodeling, likely by disregulating kinase cascades and transcription factors. Oxidative stress activates poly(ADP-ribose)-polymerase (PARP-1), which promotes inflammation and cell death. We assumed that inhibition of PARP-1 reduces the hypertension-induced adverse vascular changes. This hypothesis was tested in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Methods and results: Ten-week-old male SHRs and wild-type rats received or not 5. mg/kg/day L-2286 (a water-soluble PARP-inhibitor) for 32. weeks, then morphological and functional parameters were determined in their aortas. L-2286 did not affect the blood pressure in any of the animal groups measured with tail-cuff method. Arterial stiffness index increased in untreated SHRs compared to untreated Wistar rats, which was attenuated by L-2286 treatment. Electron and light microscopy of aortas showed prominent collagen deposition, elevation of oxidative stress markers and increased PARP activity in SHR, which were attenuated by PARP-inhibition. L-2286 treatment decreased also the hypertension-activated mitochondrial cell death pathway, characterized by the nuclear translocation of AIF. Hypertension activated all three branches of MAP-kinases. L-2286 attenuated these changes by inducing the expression of MAPK phosphatase-1 and by activating the cytoprotective PI-3-kinase/Akt pathway. Hypertension activated nuclear factor-kappaB, which was prevented by PARP-inhibition via activating its nuclear export. Conclusion: PARP-inhibition has significant vasoprotective effects against hypertension-induced vascular remodeling. Therefore, PARP-1 can be a novel therapeutic drug target for preventing hypertension-induced vascular remodeling in a group of patients, in whom lowering the blood pressure to optimal range is harmful or causes intolerable side effects.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular Basis of Disease|
|Publication status||Published - júl. 2014|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine
- Molecular Biology