An unusual quartz-bearing orthopyroxene-rich websterite xenolith has been found in an alkali basaltic tuff at Szigliget, Bakony - Balaton Highland Volcanic Field (BBHVF), western Hungary. Ortho- and clinopyroxenes are enriched in light rare earth elements (LREE), middle REE and Ni, and depleted in Nb, Ta, Sr and Ti compared with ortho- and clinopyroxenes occurring in either peridotite or lower crustal granulite xenoliths from the BBHVF. Both ortho- and clinopyroxenes in the xenolith contain primary and secondary silicate melt inclusions, and needle-shaped or rounded quartz inclusions. The melt inclusions are rich in SiO2 and alkalis and poor in MgO, FeO and CaO. They are strongly enriched in LREE and large ion lithophile elements, and display negative Nb, Ta and Sr anomalies, and slightly positive Pb anomalies. The xenolith is interpreted to represent a fragment of an orthopyroxene-rich body that crystallized in the upper mantle from a hybrid melt that formed by interaction of mantle peridotite with a quartz-saturated silicate melt that was released from a subducted oceanic slab. Although the exact composition of the slab melt cannot be determined, model calculations on major and trace elements suggest involvement of a metasedimentary component.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Geochemistry and Petrology