A new Hα emission-line survey in the Orion Nebula Cluster

E. Szegedi-Elek, M. Kun, B. Reipurth, A. Pál, L. G. Balázs, M. Willman

Research output: Review article

12 Citations (Scopus)


We present results from an Hα emission line survey in a 1 deg 2 area centered on the Orion Nebula Cluster, obtained with the Wide Field Grism Spectrograph 2 on the 2.2 m telescope of the University of Hawaii. We identified 587 stars with Hα emission, 99 of which, located mainly in the outer regions of the observed area, have not appeared in previous Hα surveys. We determined the equivalent width (EW) of the line and, based on this, classified 372 stars as classical T Tauri stars (CTTSs) and 187 as weak-line T Tauri stars (WTTSs). Simultaneous r′, i′ photometry indicates a limiting magnitude of r′ 20 mag, but the sample is incomplete at r′ > 17 mag. The surface distribution of the Hα emission stars reveals a clustered population and a dispersed population, the former consisting of younger and more massive young stars than the latter. Comparison of the derived EWs with those found in the literature indicates variability of the Hα line. We found that the typical amplitudes of the variability are not greater than a factor of two to three in most cases. We identified a subgroup of low-EW stars with infrared signatures indicative of optically thick accretion disks. We studied the correlations between the EW and other properties of the stars. Based on literature data, we examined several properties of our CTTS and WTTS subsamples and found significant differences in mid-infrared color indices, average rotational periods, and spectral energy distribution characteristics of the subsamples.

Original languageEnglish
Article number28
JournalAstrophysical Journal, Supplement Series
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - okt. 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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