Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis is sporadic (SALS) in 90% of cases and has complex environmental and genetic influences. Nogo protein inhibits neurite outgrowth and is overexpressed in muscle in ALS. Our aims were to study the reticulon 4 receptor gene RTN4R which encodes Nogo 1 receptor (NgR1) in SALS, to test if the variants were associated with variable expression of the gene and whether NgR1 protein expression was modified in a transgenic mouse model of ALS. We genotyped three single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs; rs701421, rs701427, and rs1567871) of the RTN4R gene in 364 SALS French patients and 430 controls. We examined expression of RTN4R mRNA by quantitative PCR in control post mortem human brain tissue. We determined the expression of NgR1 protein in spinal motor neurons from a SOD1 G86R ALS mouse model. We observed significant associations between SALS and RTN4R alleles. Messenger RNA expression from RTN4R in human cortical brain tissue correlated significantly with the genotypes of rs701427. NgR1 protein expression was reduced in Nogo A positive motor neurons from diseased transgenic animals. In conclusion, these observations suggest that a functional RTN4R gene variant is associated with SALS. This variant may act in concert with other genetic variants or environmental influences.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Degeneration|
|Publication status||Published - nov. 27 2015|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology