A brain-tumor model utilizing stereotactic implantation of a permanent cannula

V. M. Morreale, B. H. Herman, V. Der-Minassian, M. Palkovits, P. Klubes, D. Perry, A. Csiffary, A. P. Lee

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A tumor model involving stereotactically implanted culture-reared tumor cells is presented. Stainless steel cannulas were stereotactically and permanently implanted into the caudate nucleus of 30 rats. The animals were separated into two groups. In Group I, 15 animals received a 10-μl injection containing 106 C6 glioblastoma cells (five rats), 106 Walker 256 breast carcinoma cells (five rats), or cell medium (five rats). The coordinates were A(+1.5), L(+3.0), and DV(-5.0). In Group II, the coordinates were changed to A(+1.0), L(+3.0), and DV(-5.0) and the same number of rats received a 1-μl injection containing 105 cells of each tumor in an attempt to produce more focal tumors. Two weeks after implantation, brain sections were stained with cresyl violet and a subset was stained for glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP). A computerized morphometric analysis system was used to quantify tumor size. In Group I, the mean C6 tumor areas (± standard error of the mean) at specific coordinates were (in sq mm): A(+4.7) 0.4 ± 0.2; A(+3.7) 3.5 ± 1.1; A(+2.7) 5.7 ± 1.7; A(+1.7) 9.5 ± 2.3; A(+0.7) 7.5 ± 3.2; A(- 0.3) 3.7 ± 2.9; and A(-1.3) 0.3 ± 0.3. A nearly identical tumor mass and extension into the brain was produced in rats injected with Walker 256 cells. Similar C6 tumor areas were indicated in adjacent sections stained with cresyl violet and GFAP. Tumor was found in the caudate nucleus in all 10 rats, but not in the nucleus accumbens, fornix, or hippocampus. In Group II animals, tumor magnitude and extension into the brain were greatly reduced. The 106 cells in the 10-μl volume was the most reliable tumor load for obtaining uniform tumors in different animals. The similarity of tumor distribution across different animals was indicated by the low variance of tumor area at specific anteroposterior coordinates. Reproducible and well- circumscribed caudate nucleus tumors were produced using this stereotactic procedure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)959-965
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of neurosurgery
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - jan. 1 1993

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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    Morreale, V. M., Herman, B. H., Der-Minassian, V., Palkovits, M., Klubes, P., Perry, D., Csiffary, A., & Lee, A. P. (1993). A brain-tumor model utilizing stereotactic implantation of a permanent cannula. Journal of neurosurgery, 78(6), 959-965. https://doi.org/10.3171/jns.1993.78.6.0959