The heat-shock protein hsp60 is typically found in mitochondria, but, in smaller amounts, also in the cell cytoplasm and associated with the cell membrane. Since heat-shock proteins are known to interact with a variety of molecules and since purified HIV-1 particles were described to contain hsp60 molecules, we tested the possibility that a previously described putative receptor for HIV transmembrane protein gp41 is identical to hsp60. The gp41- binding human protein P62 was purified from H9 and Raji cell lysates by a gp41-coupled affinity column. We could show crossreactivity of both polyclonal and monoclonal anti-hsp60 antibodies with the purified P62. in addition we analyzed binding of P18, a soluble gp41 fragment harboring the extracellular domain (Env aa539-684), to recombinant hsp60. Hsp60 bound well to P18-coated ELISA plates whereas HIV-1 surface protein gp120 induced no binding of hsp60. Preincubation of hsp60 with gp41 abolished the binding. The possible role of this molecule as a cofactor in the pathogenesis of HIV disease is discussed.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology