The evolved δ Scuti variable 4 CVn was observed photometrically for 53 nights on three continents. We found a total of 34 significant and 1 probable simultaneously excited frequencies. Of these, 16 can be identified as linear combinations of other frequencies. All significant frequencies outside the 4.5 to 10 cd-1 (52 to 116 μHz) range can be identified with frequency combinations, fi ±fi, of other modes with generally high amplitudes. There exists a number of closely spaced frequencies with separations of ∼ 0.06 cd-1. This cannot be explained in terms of amplitude variability. The results show that even for stars on and above the main sequence other than the Sun, a very large number of simultaneously excited nonradial oscillations can be detected by conventional means. Since all pulsation modes with photometric amplitudes of 1 mmag or larger have now been detected for this star, a presently unknown mode selection mechanism must exist to select between the 1000+ of low-degree modes predicted to be excited for this (and many other) stars. Phase differences and amplitude ratios between the y and ν colors are determined for the ten main modes. The phase differences indicate p1 to p4 modes of ℓ = 1 for four of these modes. The formulae to determine the uncertainties in the amplitudes and phases of sinusoidal fits to observational data are derived in the Appendix.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Astronomy and Astrophysics|
|Publication status||Published - dec. 1 1999|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Astronomy and Astrophysics
- Space and Planetary Science