Hierarchical mordenite catalysts were prepared by HF and NH4F etching. Materials' zirconia modification was performed by incipient wetness impregnation in order to vary surface acidity type and strength. XRD, N2 physisorption, solid-state NMR and UV–Vis spectroscopies were applied for characterization. Acidic properties of the obtained materials were investigated by TPD of adsorbed ammonia and FT-IR spectra of adsorbed pyridine. Catalytic performance was studied for the glycerol esterification with acetic acid. Zr increased reaction turnover activity compared to raw zeolite substrate due to abundant Brönsted and Lewis moiety presence. The demonstrated biomass valorization processes to bio-based platform chemicals are of interest, as they employ biodiesel production waste.
- Bio-based chemicals conversion
- Biodiesel production waste
- Chemical reaction engineering
- Hierarchical zeolite materials
- Renewable glycerol esters
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Process Chemistry and Technology