Young children's screen activities, sweet drink consumption and anthropometry

Results from a prospective European study

S. Olafsdottir, C. Berg, G. Eiben, A. Lanfer, L. Reisch, W. Ahrens, Y. Kourides, D. Molnár, L. A. Moreno, A. Siani, T. Veidebaum, L. Lissner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

38 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background/Objectives: This longitudinal study describes the relationship between young children's screen time, dietary habits and anthropometric measures. The hypothesis was that television viewing and other screen activities at baseline result in increased consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) and increased BMI, BMI z-score and waist to height ratio (WHtR) two years later. A second hypothesis was that SSB consumption mediates the association between the screen activities and changes in the anthropometric measures. Subjects/Methods: The study is a part of the prospective cohort study IDEFICS ("Identification and prevention of dietary and lifestyle-induced health effects in children and infants"), investigating diet, lifestyle and social determinants of obesity in 2 to 9-year-olds in eight European countries (baseline n=16 225, two-year follow-up; n=11 038). Anthropometry was objectively measured, and behaviours were parent-reported. Results: The main hypothesis was supported, but the second hypothesis was not confirmed. The odds ratio of being in the highest quintile of % change in WHtR was 1.26 (95% CI: 1.17-1.36) and in BMI 1.22 (95% CI: 1.13-1.31), for each hour per day watching television. The odds ratio of having increased SSB consumption was 1.19 (95% CI: 1.09-1.29) for each hour per day watching TV. The associations for total screen time were slightly weaker. Conclusions: The results indicate substantial effects of TV viewing and other screen activities for young children, both on their consumption of sugary drinks and on an increase in BMI and central obesity. Our findings suggest that television viewing seems to have a stronger effect on food habits and anthropometry than other screen activities in this age group.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)223-228
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Volume68
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2014

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Anthropometry
Beverages
Television
Feeding Behavior
Prospective Studies
Life Style
Odds Ratio
Abdominal Obesity
Longitudinal Studies
Cohort Studies
Age Groups
Obesity
Diet
Health
Waist-Height Ratio

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Cite this

Young children's screen activities, sweet drink consumption and anthropometry : Results from a prospective European study. / Olafsdottir, S.; Berg, C.; Eiben, G.; Lanfer, A.; Reisch, L.; Ahrens, W.; Kourides, Y.; Molnár, D.; Moreno, L. A.; Siani, A.; Veidebaum, T.; Lissner, L.

In: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Vol. 68, No. 2, 02.2014, p. 223-228.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Olafsdottir, S, Berg, C, Eiben, G, Lanfer, A, Reisch, L, Ahrens, W, Kourides, Y, Molnár, D, Moreno, LA, Siani, A, Veidebaum, T & Lissner, L 2014, 'Young children's screen activities, sweet drink consumption and anthropometry: Results from a prospective European study', European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 68, no. 2, pp. 223-228. https://doi.org/10.1038/ejcn.2013.234
Olafsdottir, S. ; Berg, C. ; Eiben, G. ; Lanfer, A. ; Reisch, L. ; Ahrens, W. ; Kourides, Y. ; Molnár, D. ; Moreno, L. A. ; Siani, A. ; Veidebaum, T. ; Lissner, L. / Young children's screen activities, sweet drink consumption and anthropometry : Results from a prospective European study. In: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2014 ; Vol. 68, No. 2. pp. 223-228.
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