Yield loss in apple caused by Monilinia fructigena (Aderh. and Ruhl.) Honey, and spatio-temporal dynamics of disease development

G. C M Van Leeuwen, A. Stein, I. Holb, M. J. Jeger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Monilinia fructigena (Aderh. and Ruhl.) Honey causes considerable yield losses in pome fruit culture. During a field study in the Netherlands in 1997 and 1998, the increase in disease incidence in time was assessed and final pre- and post-harvest losses were recorded in the susceptible apple cultivars James Grieve and Cox's Orange Pippin. Each individual tree was considered as a unique quadrat, and the spatial distribution of diseased fruits among fruit trees at every assessment date was characterised by a dispersion index, Lloyd's index of patchiness (LIP). Spatial autocorrelation was applied to detect potential clustering of trees with diseased fruits within rows. In cv. James Grieve, the rate of increase of disease incidence was constant up to harvest time, whereas in cv. Cox's Orange Pippin disease incidence increased markedly 3 weeks before harvest time, which coincided with the harvest of cv. James Grieve in neighbouring rows. Pre-harvest disease incidence was 4.2-4.3% in cv. James Grieve in both years, in cv. Cox's Orange Pippin this was 4.4% in 1997 and 2.7% in 1998. Post-harvest yield losses amounted on average 1.5-2.0% for both cultivars, no significant differences were found between the cultivars (t-test, P = 0.05). Both in 1997 and 1998, clustering of diseased fruits among fruit trees was detected; LIP values were significantly higher than 1 (P = 0.05 in 1997, P = 0.01 in 1998). Clustering of trees with diseased fruits was detected in 1998, when significant (P = 0.05) positive correlation coefficients occurred for 2nd, 3rd and 4th lag-order distances in cv. James Grieve, and a significant (P = 0.05) positive first-order correlation in cv. Cox's Orange Pippin. Wounding agents, such as insects and birds, may play an important role in the underlying disease dynamics, and crop losses may be minimised by control of these agents.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)519-528
Number of pages10
JournalEuropean Journal of Plant Pathology
Volume106
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2000

Fingerprint

Monilinia fructigena
honey
disease incidence
apples
fruits
fruit trees
cultivars
postharvest losses
pome fruits
crop losses
fruit growing
autocorrelation
Netherlands
spatial distribution
insects
birds

Keywords

  • Brown rot fungi
  • Dispersion index
  • Epidemiology
  • Spatial autocorrelation analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Horticulture
  • Plant Science

Cite this

Yield loss in apple caused by Monilinia fructigena (Aderh. and Ruhl.) Honey, and spatio-temporal dynamics of disease development. / Van Leeuwen, G. C M; Stein, A.; Holb, I.; Jeger, M. J.

In: European Journal of Plant Pathology, Vol. 106, No. 6, 2000, p. 519-528.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Monilinia fructigena (Aderh. and Ruhl.) Honey causes considerable yield losses in pome fruit culture. During a field study in the Netherlands in 1997 and 1998, the increase in disease incidence in time was assessed and final pre- and post-harvest losses were recorded in the susceptible apple cultivars James Grieve and Cox's Orange Pippin. Each individual tree was considered as a unique quadrat, and the spatial distribution of diseased fruits among fruit trees at every assessment date was characterised by a dispersion index, Lloyd's index of patchiness (LIP). Spatial autocorrelation was applied to detect potential clustering of trees with diseased fruits within rows. In cv. James Grieve, the rate of increase of disease incidence was constant up to harvest time, whereas in cv. Cox's Orange Pippin disease incidence increased markedly 3 weeks before harvest time, which coincided with the harvest of cv. James Grieve in neighbouring rows. Pre-harvest disease incidence was 4.2-4.3{\%} in cv. James Grieve in both years, in cv. Cox's Orange Pippin this was 4.4{\%} in 1997 and 2.7{\%} in 1998. Post-harvest yield losses amounted on average 1.5-2.0{\%} for both cultivars, no significant differences were found between the cultivars (t-test, P = 0.05). Both in 1997 and 1998, clustering of diseased fruits among fruit trees was detected; LIP values were significantly higher than 1 (P = 0.05 in 1997, P = 0.01 in 1998). Clustering of trees with diseased fruits was detected in 1998, when significant (P = 0.05) positive correlation coefficients occurred for 2nd, 3rd and 4th lag-order distances in cv. James Grieve, and a significant (P = 0.05) positive first-order correlation in cv. Cox's Orange Pippin. Wounding agents, such as insects and birds, may play an important role in the underlying disease dynamics, and crop losses may be minimised by control of these agents.",
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