Work-site hypertension prevalence and control in three Central European countries

J. G. Fodor, J. Lietava, A. Rieder, S. Sonkodi, H. Stokes, T. Emmons, P. Turton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Compared to Austria, cerebrovascular stroke (CVS) mortality is three times higher in Hungary, and twice as high in Slovakia. We hypothesized that this is due to better treatment and control of hypertension in Austria. To test this hypothesis, we carried out a cross-sectional survey of 'blue collar' employees on work sites in each of these countries. Blood pressure screening was carried out at three work sites in Austria, one in Hungary and one in Slovakia. A standardized protocol was followed in each of these countries. The Bp-TRU™ measuring instrument was used to provide accurate reproducible readings and eliminate interobserver error. After the exclusion of missing data and women, the study population included 323 males screened in Austria, 600 in Hungary, and 751 in Slovakia. The mean ages of the respondents ranged from 35 to 42 years. The prevalence of hypertension was 29% in Austria, 28% in Hungary and 40% in Slovakia. Of those identified as hypertensive, 73% in Austria, 45% in Hungary and 67% in Slovakia were newly diagnosed as a result of this screening. Of those treated for hypertension, 10% in Austria, 15% in Hungary and 5%, in Slovakia were controlled. The differences in CVS mortality cannot be explained by better control of hypertension in Austria but indicate the involvement of other determinants.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)581-585
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Human Hypertension
Volume18
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 2004

Keywords

  • Blood pressure
  • Central Europe
  • Cerebrovascular stroke
  • Environmental factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine

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