Woodland-Grassland ecotonal shifts in environmental mosaics

Lessons learnt from the environmental history of the carpathian basin (Central Europe) during the holocene and the last ice age based on investigation of paleobotanical and mollusk remains

P. Sümegi, Gergo Persaits, Sándor Gulyás

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A treeline is a boundary used for marking the edge of the habitat at which trees are capable of growing. In ecology an upper and lower treeline is generally highlighted (Odum 1979) with an additional transitional zone (ecotone) found between the referred boundary and the adjacent open vegetation areas. Temperature besides precipitation is the major factor that controls the growth and sustainment of trees in an area. Nevertheless, several local ecological factors including such parameters as soil type, local vegetation, snow cover, elevation, geomorphology, rainshadow, gravity-induced mass movement, lightning, volcanic eruptions, wildfires caused by meteorite impact or wind shear can alter or prevent the sustainment of an arboreal vegetation in an area locally or regionally.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEcotones Between Forest and Grassland
PublisherSpringer New York
Pages17-57
Number of pages41
Volume9781461437970
ISBN (Print)9781461437970, 1461437962, 9781461437963
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2012

Fingerprint

wooded grasslands
environmental history
Mollusca
Ice
Central European region
molluscs
woodland
treeline
ice
History
grassland
Holocene
Pleistocene
basins
history
vegetation
Volcanic Eruptions
Meteoroids
basin
Lightning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Environmental Science(all)

Cite this

Woodland-Grassland ecotonal shifts in environmental mosaics : Lessons learnt from the environmental history of the carpathian basin (Central Europe) during the holocene and the last ice age based on investigation of paleobotanical and mollusk remains. / Sümegi, P.; Persaits, Gergo; Gulyás, Sándor.

Ecotones Between Forest and Grassland. Vol. 9781461437970 Springer New York, 2012. p. 17-57.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

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