Wild Strawberry, Blackberry, and Blueberry Leaf Extracts Alleviate Starch-Induced Hyperglycemia in Prediabetic and Diabetic Mice

István Takács, András Szekeres, Ákos Takács, Dávid Rakk, Miklós Mézes, Ágnes Polyák, Lóránt Lakatos, Gyöngyi Gyémánt, DezsÅ' Csupor, Krisztina J. Kovács, Szilamér Ferenczi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Intestinal α-glucosidase and α-amylase break down nutritional poly-and oligosaccharides to monosaccharides and their activity significantly contributes to postprandial hyperglycemia. Competitive inhibitors of these enzymes, such as acarbose, are effective antidiabetic drugs, but have unpleasant side effects. In our ethnopharmacology inspired investigations, we found that wild strawberry (Fragaria vesca), blackberry (Rubus fruticosus), and European blueberry (Vaccinium myrtillus) leaf extracts inhibit α-glucosidase and α-amylase enzyme activity in vitro and are effective in preventing postprandial hyperglycemia in vivo. Toxicology tests on H9c2 rat embryonic cardiac muscle cells demonstrated that berry leaf extracts have no cytotoxic effects. Oral administration of these leaf extracts alone or as a mixture to normal (control), obese, prediabetic, and streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice attenuated the starch-induced rise of blood glucose levels. The efficiency was similar to that of acarbose on blood glucose. These results highlight berry leaf extracts as candidates for testing in clinical trials in order to assess the clinical significance of their effects on glycemic control.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)790-799
Number of pages10
JournalPlanta Medica
Volume86
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2020

Keywords

  • Ericaceae
  • Fragaria vesca
  • Rosaceae
  • Rubus fruticosus
  • Vaccinium myrtillus
  • diabetes
  • α-amylase
  • α-glucosidase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Drug Discovery
  • Complementary and alternative medicine
  • Organic Chemistry

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