Why Do You Drink Caffeine? The Development of the Motives for Caffeine Consumption Questionnaire (MCCQ) and Its Relationship with Gender, Age and the Types of Caffeinated Beverages

Csilla Ágoston, Róbert Urbán, Orsolya Király, Mark D. Griffiths, Peter J. Rogers, Zsolt Demetrovics

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Caffeine is the most popular psychoactive substance that is consumed worldwide. As motives influence behavior, investigation of the motivational background of caffeine consumption should help provide a better understanding of the popularity of caffeinated products. The present study aimed (i) to explore and operationalize the motives of caffeine consumption and (ii) to reveal possible differences in the motives regarding gender, age and the type of caffeinated products consumed. Motives for caffeine consumption were collected from regular caffeine consumers (N = 26) and were informed by a review of the relevant literature. Following this, a cross-sectional study was conducted on a convenience sample of Hungarian university students and working adults (N = 598). The participants completed the Motives for Caffeine Consumption Questionnaire and the Caffeine Consumption Questionnaire. Six motivational factors were identified: Alertness, Habit, Mood, Social, Taste and Symptom Management. Women had higher scores on Habit, Social, Taste and Symptom Management. Younger participants had higher scores on Alertness than the older group, and the older group had higher scores on Habit and Symptom Management. Five types of caffeine users were identified. Those who consumed (i) coffee, (ii) tea, (iii) energy drinks, (iv) coffee and tea and (v) mixed drinks. Several differences between the five groups were revealed across all motives except for Taste. The present study developed a robust psychometric instrument for assessing caffeine consumption motives. The factors varied in importance in relation to gender, age and caffeine consumption habits.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)981-999
Number of pages19
JournalInternational Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
Volume16
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 2018

Keywords

  • Caffeine consumption
  • Caffeine drinking motives
  • Energy drink consumption
  • Motives for Caffeine Consumption Questionnaire
  • Psychometric testing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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