Whole genome sequencing and phylogenetic analysis of a zoonotic human G8P[14] rotavirus strain

Krisztián Bányai, Hajnalka Papp, Eszter Dandár, Péter Molnár, Ilona Mihály, Marc Van Ranst, Vito Martella, Jelle Matthijnssens

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Abstract

The full-length genome of a rare human G8P[14] rotavirus strain, BP1062/04, identified during a surveillance study in Hungary was determined and analyzed. This strain showed a G8-P[14]-I2-R2-C2-M2-A11-N2-T6-E2-H3 genomic constellation. Phylogenetic analysis of each genome segment revealed common origins with selected animal and zoonotic human strains. The closest relatedness was seen with suspect zoonotic Hungarian G6P[14] strains in the NSP1 and NSP3 gene phylogeny, with ovine strains in the VP1, VP2, NSP4 gene phylogeny, and with bovine strains in the NSP5 gene phylogeny. The outer capsid VP7 and VP4 genes could not be derived from cognate genes of any known human or animal G8P[14] strains. The remaining genes, NSP2, VP3 and VP6, gave no definite clues to the host origin, although each was clearly different from true human strains. Altogether, our findings suggest that strain BP1062/04 represents an example of a direct zoonotic transmission event.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1140-1144
Number of pages5
JournalInfection, Genetics and Evolution
Volume10
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2010

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Keywords

  • Genotype
  • Hungary
  • Interspecies transmission
  • Rotavirus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

Cite this

Bányai, K., Papp, H., Dandár, E., Molnár, P., Mihály, I., Van Ranst, M., Martella, V., & Matthijnssens, J. (2010). Whole genome sequencing and phylogenetic analysis of a zoonotic human G8P[14] rotavirus strain. Infection, Genetics and Evolution, 10(7), 1140-1144. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.meegid.2010.05.001