What is the difference? Blazhko and non-Blazhko RRab stars and the special case of V123 in M3

J. Jurcsik, P. Smitola, G. Hajdu, C. Pilachowski, K. Kolenberg, Á Sódor, G. Furész, A. Moór, E. Kun, A. Saha, P. Prakash, P. Blum, I. Tóth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In an extended photometric campaign of RR Lyrae variables of the globular cluster M3, an aberrant-light-curve, non-Blazhko RRab star, V123, was detected. Based on its brightness, colors and radial-velocity curve, V123 is a bona fide member of M3. The light curve of V123 exhibits neither a bump preceding the light minimum, nor a hump on the rising branch, and has a longer than normal rise time, with a convex shape. A similar shape characterizes the mean light curves of some large-modulation-amplitude Blazhko stars, but none of the regular RRab variables with similar pulsation periods. This peculiar object thus mimics Blazhko variables without showing any evidence of periodic amplitude and/or phase modulation. We cannot find any fully convincing answer to the peculiar behavior of V123, however, the phenomenon raises again the possibility that rotation and aspect angle might play a role in the explanation of the Blazhko phenomenon, and that some source of inhomogeneity (magnetic field, chemical inhomogeneity) deforms the radial pulsation of Blazhko stars during the modulation.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberL27
JournalAstrophysical Journal Letters
Volume778
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2013

Keywords

  • globular clusters: individual (M3)
  • stars: individual (M3 V123)
  • stars: oscillations (including pulsations)
  • stars: variables: RR Lyrae
  • techniques: photometric
  • techniques: radial velocities

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'What is the difference? Blazhko and non-Blazhko RRab stars and the special case of V123 in M3'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Jurcsik, J., Smitola, P., Hajdu, G., Pilachowski, C., Kolenberg, K., Sódor, Á., Furész, G., Moór, A., Kun, E., Saha, A., Prakash, P., Blum, P., & Tóth, I. (2013). What is the difference? Blazhko and non-Blazhko RRab stars and the special case of V123 in M3. Astrophysical Journal Letters, 778(2), [L27]. https://doi.org/10.1088/2041-8205/778/2/L27