What does the legacy of Hans Selye and Franz Alexander mean today? (the psychophysiological approach in medical practice)

Maria Kopp, Arpad Skrabski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

At the founding session of the Working Group of Psychophysiology, Hungarian Psychiatric Society, the authors summarized the psychophysiological legacy of two Hungarian-born researchers, Hans Selye and Franz Alexander in medicine today. Emotional dysfunctions, anxiety and depression are a substantial risk factor in the emergence, course and recurrence of many illnesses of great epidemiological significance, such as ischemic heart diseases, in the prognosis of hormone-sensitive tumours in the middle-aged and, obviously, in alcoholism and suicide. In modern society the reduction of creative ability and the capacity for work is caused primarily not by physical damage, but rather by states of depression with anxiety and functional disorders arising as a result of transitional or lasting failure of the psychological capacities to resolve conflicts, leading to such states as chronic pain syndrome, functional cardiovascular and gastroenterological disorders. According to prognoses based on the above, lasting results can only be expected of preventive health programs if they take the results of modern psychophysiology seriously into account. On the basis of the recent theoretical achievements, we are capable not only of treating the symptoms but also of intervening in the causes. Psychotherapeutic methods and psychopharmacology supplement each other within this theoretical framework.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)99-105
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Psychophysiology
Volume8
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1989

Keywords

  • Anxiety
  • Capacity for work
  • Depression
  • Hormone-sensitive tumour
  • Ischemic heart disease
  • Prevention
  • Psychiatric epidemiology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Physiology (medical)

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