Water use of winter cereals under well-watered and drought-stressed conditions

B. Varga, E. Varga-László, S. Bencze, K. Balla, O. Veisz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A reduction in the water available to plants will lend increasing importance to the dynamics of water uptake and to the water use efficiency (WUE) of cereals. The effect of drought on the water use efficiency of winter cereals was investigated in a greenhouse experiment in the Centre for Agricultural Research. The effect of water deficiency on the water use properties was studied by measuring changes in the grain weight, thousand- kernel weight and aboveground biomass. The water use efficiency of wheat varieties generally ranged from 1.5-2.3 kg/m3 and 1.06-2.0 kg/m3 in the case of optimum and limited water supplies, respectively, while these figures were 1.4 kg/m3 and 0.8 kg/m3 for winter barley and 0.8 kg/m3 and 0.5 kg/m3 for winter oat. Investigation on the relationship between harvest index (HI) and WUE was found that the harvest index is only one indicator of drought tolerance; but the stability of HI under non-optimum environmental conditions also needs to be determined.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)150-155
Number of pages6
JournalPlant, Soil and Environment
Volume59
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Fingerprint

water use efficiency
cereal
water use
harvest index
drought
well
winter
water
winter barley
agricultural research
water uptake
aboveground biomass
greenhouse experimentation
drought tolerance
barley
water supply
oats
tolerance
wheat
environmental conditions

Keywords

  • Harvest index
  • Water shortage
  • Water uptake
  • Water use efficiency

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Soil Science

Cite this

Varga, B., Varga-László, E., Bencze, S., Balla, K., & Veisz, O. (2013). Water use of winter cereals under well-watered and drought-stressed conditions. Plant, Soil and Environment, 59(4), 150-155.

Water use of winter cereals under well-watered and drought-stressed conditions. / Varga, B.; Varga-László, E.; Bencze, S.; Balla, K.; Veisz, O.

In: Plant, Soil and Environment, Vol. 59, No. 4, 2013, p. 150-155.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Varga, B, Varga-László, E, Bencze, S, Balla, K & Veisz, O 2013, 'Water use of winter cereals under well-watered and drought-stressed conditions', Plant, Soil and Environment, vol. 59, no. 4, pp. 150-155.
Varga, B. ; Varga-László, E. ; Bencze, S. ; Balla, K. ; Veisz, O. / Water use of winter cereals under well-watered and drought-stressed conditions. In: Plant, Soil and Environment. 2013 ; Vol. 59, No. 4. pp. 150-155.
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