Water sorption behavior and swelling characteristics of starches subjected to dielectric heating

Anikó Szepes, Piroska Szabó-Révész, Mandy Mohnicke

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7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of microwave irradiation and storage on the moisture content, adsorption behavior and swelling properties of potato (B-type) and maize starches (A-type). Volumetric heating resulted in reversible moisture loss from both types of samples. The crystallinity of potato starch was decreased, whereas its water retention capacity and swelling power were increased irreversibly, and its swelling capacity was increased reversibly by the thermal process applied. The corresponding parameters of maize starch were not influenced significantly by dielectric heating; this may be related to its special structure resulting in the thermal resistance of this polymer. Our results allow the conclusion that microwave irradiation offers an appropriate and selective alternative for the physicochemical modification of potato starch. In consequence of its low susceptibility to thermal processes, maize starch may be used for the microwave drying of pharmaceutical formulations containing starch.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)555-561
Number of pages7
JournalPharmaceutical Development and Technology
Volume12
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2007

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Keywords

  • Microwave
  • Moisture uptake
  • Starch
  • Swelling
  • X-ray diffraction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmaceutical Science

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