Vulnerability of small GABAergic neurons to human β-amyloid pentapeptide

Magdolna Pakaski, Zoltan Farkas, Peter Kasa, Monika Forgon, Henrietta Papp, Marta Zarandi, Botond Penke, Peter Kasa

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30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

β-Amyloid peptide (A β), the principal component of senile plaques in Alzheimer's disease, has been found to be neurotoxic. The role of A β in the deficits of the GABAergic system in patients with Alzheimer's disease is unclear. It has been suggested that the cytotoxic activity of A β is localized to amino acid residues 25-35 of this peptide, which contains a total of 42 amino acid residues. We now report that the short amyloid peptide fragments corresponding to amino acids 31-35 (A β31-35) and 34-39 (A β34- 39) are also toxic in vitro to the small GABAergic neuron population of basal forebrain cultures. Morphological changes were accompanied by an increased number of varicosities localized on the processes of the GABA-immunoreactive neurons and by the appearance of round cells without processes. The neurodegeneration was confirmed by means of scanning electron microscopy. Quantification of the morphological findings by image analysis demonstrated a size-related dependence of the degeneration of GABAergic neurons. The results suggest that fragments of A β shorter than A β25-35 may exert cytotoxic action and demonstrate the toxicity of these A β fragments in decreasing the number of small GABAergic neurons.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)239-246
Number of pages8
JournalBrain research
Volume796
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 15 1998

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Keywords

  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Amyloid
  • GABA immunocytochemistry
  • Image analysis
  • Neuronal culture
  • Scanning electron microscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Developmental Biology

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