Vitamin D status in central Europe

Pawel Pludowski, William B. Grant, Harjit Pal Bhattoa, Milan Bayer, Vladyslav Povoroznyuk, Ema Rudenka, Heorhi Ramanau, Szabolcs Varbiro, Alena Rudenka, Elzbieta Karczmarewicz, Roman Lorenc, Justyna Czech-Kowalska, Jerzy Konstantynowicz

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

80 Citations (Scopus)


Little published information is available regarding epidemiological data on vitamin D status in the large geographical region of Central Europe (CE). We searched the journal literature with regard to 25(OH)D concentrations among community-dwelling or healthy people living in CE. 25(OH)D concentrations varied by age, season, study sample size, and methodological approach [i.e., 25(OH)D assay used]. Concentrations of 25(OH)D in CE appeared lower than 30 ng/mL, and the magnitude of hypovitaminosis D was similar to that reported in Western Europe. While most of the studies reviewed were cross-sectional studies, a longitudinal study was also included to obtain information on seasonal variability. The longitudinal study reported wintertime 25(OH)D values close to 21-23 ng/mL for all studied age groups, with a significant increase of 25(OH)D in August reaching 42 ng/mL for those aged 0-9 years, but only 21 ng/mL for the elderly aged 80-89 years. The decrease in 25(OH)D with respect to age was attributed to decreased time spent in the sun and decreased vitamin D production efficiency. Based on the literature review on vitamin D status in the CE populations, it can be concluded that 25(OH)vitamin D levels are on average below the 30 ng/mL level.

Original languageEnglish
Article number589587
JournalInternational Journal of Endocrinology
Publication statusPublished - 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology
  • Endocrine and Autonomic Systems

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    Pludowski, P., Grant, W. B., Bhattoa, H. P., Bayer, M., Povoroznyuk, V., Rudenka, E., Ramanau, H., Varbiro, S., Rudenka, A., Karczmarewicz, E., Lorenc, R., Czech-Kowalska, J., & Konstantynowicz, J. (2014). Vitamin D status in central Europe. International Journal of Endocrinology, 2014, [589587].