Vitamin C

Update on physiology and pharmacology

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

213 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Although ascorbic acid is an important water-soluble antioxidant and enzyme cofactor in plants and animals, humans and some other species do not synthesize ascorbate due to the lack of the enzyme catalyzing the final step of the biosynthetic pathway, and for them it has become a vitamin. This review focuses on the role of ascorbate in various hydroxylation reactions and in the redox homeostasis of subcellular compartments including mitochondria and endoplasmic reticulum. Recently discovered functions of ascorbate in nucleic acid and histone dealkylation and proteoglycan deglycanation are also summarized. These new findings might delineate a role for ascorbate in the modulation of both pro-and anti-carcinogenic mechanisms. Recent advances and perspectives in therapeutic applications are also reviewed. On the basis of new and earlier observations, the advantages of the lost ability to synthesize ascorbate are pondered. The increasing knowledge of the functions of ascorbate and of its molecular sites of action can mechanistically substantiate a place for ascorbate in the treatment of various diseases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1097-1110
Number of pages14
JournalBritish Journal of Pharmacology
Volume157
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

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Dealkylation
Coenzymes
Biosynthetic Pathways
Proteoglycans
Hydroxylation
Vitamins
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Histones
Nucleic Acids
Ascorbic Acid
Oxidation-Reduction
Mitochondria
Homeostasis
Antioxidants
Pharmacology
Water
Enzymes
Therapeutics

Keywords

  • Antioxidant
  • Ascorbate
  • Dehydroascorbic acid
  • Endoplasmic reticulum
  • L-gulonolactone-oxidase
  • Mitochondrium
  • Pro-oxidant
  • Redox
  • Scurvy
  • Vitamin C

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

Cite this

Vitamin C : Update on physiology and pharmacology. / Mandl, J.; Szarka, A.; Bánhegyi, G.

In: British Journal of Pharmacology, Vol. 157, No. 7, 2009, p. 1097-1110.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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