Visualization of U and M genome chromosomes by multicolour genomic in situ hybridization in Aegilops biuncialis and Triticum aestivum-Ae. biuncialis amphiploids

I. Molnár, M. Molnár-Láng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The multicolour genomic in situ hybridization (mcGISH) method was improved in order to visualize the U b and M b genomes of Aegilops biuncialis Vis. (2n=4x=28, U b U b M b M b ). Hybridization probes prepared from the diploid U and M genome donors, Ae. umbellulata and Ae. comosa , resulted in clear hybridization signals on the U and M chromosomes in Ae. biuncialis . The random primed labelling method made it possible to decrease the blocking ratio to 1:30. McGISH allowed the simultaneous discrimination of individual Ae. biuncialis genomes and wheat chromosomes in γ-irradiated Triticum aestivum-Ae. biuncialis amphiploids (2n=70; AABBDDU b U b M b M b ). Dicentric chromosomes, terminal and interstitial translocations and centric fusions were detected in the irradiated generation. The irradiation-induced wheat- Ae. biuncialis intergenomic translocations will facilitate the successful introgression of useful agronomic traits into bread wheat.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)195-202
Number of pages8
JournalActa Agronomica Hungarica
Volume58
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2010

Fingerprint

Aegilops biuncialis
in situ hybridization
Triticum aestivum
chromosomes
genomics
genome
wheat
agronomic traits
introgression
diploidy
hybridization
irradiation
methodology

Keywords

  • γ-irradiation
  • Aegilops biuncialis
  • amphiploid
  • intergenomic translocations
  • mcGISH
  • Triticum aestivum

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science

Cite this

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