Viscosities and densities of concentrated aqueous NaOH/NaAl(OH)4 mixtures at 25 °C

P. Sipos, Andrew Stanley, Simon Bevis, Glenn Hefter, Peter M. May

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

The dynamic viscosities (η) and densities (ρ) of aqueous NaOH/NaAl(OH)4 mixtures have been determined for solutions at constant ionic strength and total concentrations of [NaOH]T ≤ 13.6 mol·kg-1 and [Al(III)]T/[Na+]T ≤ 0.6 at 25 °C using a Ubbelohde viscometer and a vibrating tube densimeter, respectively. The viscosities are precise to ±0.1% and the densities to ±5 ×10-6 g·cm-3. The densities of the mixtures at constant ionic strength vary linearly with substitution of OH- by Al(OH)4-, consistent with Young's rule. This enables calculation of the density of the hypothetical aqueous solution of pure "NaAl(OH)4" at [Al(III)]T ≤ 13 mol·kg-1. Viscosities of these mixtures, as with other electrolytes, are overestimated by Young's rule. Viscosities of the hypothetical pure "NaAl(OH)4" solutions (≤6 mol·kg-1) were accordingly determined by nonlinear extrapolation. The ηvalues so obtained are unusually high but show a dependence on [NaAl(OH)4]T similar to that of common electrolyte solutions. An empirical correlation for the viscosities of NaOH/NaAl(OH)4 mixtures is also given.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)657-661
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Chemical and Engineering Data
Volume46
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2001

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Viscosity
Ionic strength
Electrolytes
Viscometers
Extrapolation
Substitution reactions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Cite this

Viscosities and densities of concentrated aqueous NaOH/NaAl(OH)4 mixtures at 25 °C. / Sipos, P.; Stanley, Andrew; Bevis, Simon; Hefter, Glenn; May, Peter M.

In: Journal of Chemical and Engineering Data, Vol. 46, No. 3, 05.2001, p. 657-661.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sipos, P. ; Stanley, Andrew ; Bevis, Simon ; Hefter, Glenn ; May, Peter M. / Viscosities and densities of concentrated aqueous NaOH/NaAl(OH)4 mixtures at 25 °C. In: Journal of Chemical and Engineering Data. 2001 ; Vol. 46, No. 3. pp. 657-661.
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